Net Zero Energy Building ( NZEB)
Here are steps which we used to design Net Zero Energy Building for an office commercial tower. the located in Kuala Lumpur for a utility company.We hope to win the award and as we do we will reveal the details of the project. The proposal is being considered in a favorable light.
||Proposal||Proposal details||Savings in the electrical load|
|Step 1||Baseline building||Low Energy High Performance Building.
|Step 3|| Shading
|Shading the worst side of the building with green planting, vertical green walls and the theme of Office in the Forest and Forest in the Office will help the air con temperature by 4 degree||10%|
step 5 to Net Zero design
|Thermal zonedouble skin||Double skin cladding will provide super insulation at the inner skin wall( composite alum panels ,fiber glass and high density board with a Thermal Zones and Thermal Bridging and greening the zones with the double skin wall glass wall with a Low Energy glass ceramic frets.||10%|
Diagram above is a modification and reinterpretation of Tom Hootman‘s energy savings concepts.
Other Design Process which ought to be integrated in the building design are:
a) create a shoe box model of the tower and analysis the energy consumption, using this model as a basis of comparison for the proposal for the detail design.This will be called the control energy model
b)Add features which will help to reduce the energy consumption as listed above from Steps 1 to Step 8. Using he control energy model above, the energy saving are evaluated and compared for each of the proposal
d) Specific modification are made based on this energy data.
e)The renewable energy normally are a very costly element. it is advise that the options such as Photo Voltaic systems , wind turbines, biomass energy harvesting systems, geothermal heat/cooling systems from the ground are studied carefully to make up for the last remaining portion of the energy pie to create the Net Zero energy building . The last remaining portion reduced to a minium of the total 20-25 % of the total energy pie.
- Net Zero Site Energy Building -a building that produces as much renewable energy as it uses over the year.
- Net Zero Source Energy Building – a building that produces as much renewable energy as it uses over the year when accounted from the energy source.
- Net Zero Energy Emission Building -a building the purchases or produces enough emission-free renewable energy to offset the emission from the energy used in the building
- Net Zero Energy Cost Building-a building that receive enough financial credit to offset the energy consumption of the building over a period of a year.
The Net Zero Energy Cost Building is preferred definition as it is much easier to achieve and convince the building owners to adopt the proposal of can see the actual cost benefits for the money invested in to achieving the Net Zero energy building. In the case of a large development such as a 64 storey office tower, the cost for Green and sustainability would range about USD15million. therefore any vested investor would like to see invested money returned over a period of time. The achieving Net Zero Energy Emission Building are long shots deals as it can be capitalized eventually by selling Carbon print to companies of vested interest
Prepared by Net Zero Energy Architect Perumal Nagapushnam of http://www.sda-architect.com