Energy Saving for your Dream Home by 75%-100%

Key words: Energy Saving, Dream Home, ZeroCarbon, Insulation, Insulate the roof, Smart Landscaping, Energy saving Lights, Energy Saving Air conditioning ,BAS Controls, Photo Voltaic Panels, Air conditioning Units, Microwave, Refrigerator, Oven, Home Entertainment, Water Heater

If you are living in a double story terrace house your average bill should be RM170-200 per month
If you are living in a Bungalow your bill should be RM450-500 per month
The kitchen consumes 45% of the energy in the house

Net Zero Energy House

1.) Orientation
If your orientation is along the East West Direction you should easily save electric bill by 15%

solar path, NZEB design

Energy efficient design

  • Insulation

-If your Building is insulated well you will save your electric bill by 15%
-How do you insulate your building, you need to protect the setting sun from heating the building. The sun heats up your walls,
roofs and the heat is transferred to the inside and the home is warm.

-Insulation of Roof

Roof insulation ,Zero Energy Homes

Fiber glass insulation of roof at ceiling,Zero Energy Homes

Fiber glass insulation,Zero Energy Homes

Insulate the walls with fibre-galss insulation,Zero Energy Homes

2b) Insulate the walls

-ensure the walls are designed for Thermal Zones and walls of the setting sun does not affect the walls.
Heat will be transferred to the floors

2d) Insulate with Smart Landscaping

– use green walls to shade the walls as they will keep temperatures down by
5 degrees. Smart landscaping will keep temperatures down

smart landscaping saves energy,Zero Energy Homes

duplex BRICK House,Zero Energy Homes

zero enegy homes, graph-showing-temperature-range-for-summer

 

2e.) Aprons shall be landscaped to avoid Thermal Bridging

Heat Loss by Thermal Bridging,Zero Energy Homes

Minimize the heat transfer form the outside,Zero Energy Homes

  • Use Energy saving Lights

    -Using high performance LED lights , you save electric bill by 15%

LED lights are energy saving,Zero Energy Homes

LED lights are energy saving,Zero Energy Homes

  • Use Energy Saving Air conditioning and Fridges

    -Using Energy saving Equipment, you save electric bill by 20%. will be discussed below:

  • Use BAS Controls

    -Using BAS controls systems with motion sensor etc you will save your electric bill by 15%

,Zero Energy Homes

BAS, Building Automation system

  • Use Solar Hot water system

    -Using Solar Hot water system, you will save by 5% of your electric bills

Renewable energy for water heating,Zero Energy Homes

Hot water systems from using clean energy save the global warming,Zero Energy Homes

  • Use Photo Voltaic Panels

    -Using PV Panels,you will bring the electric bill to Zero

Photo Voltaic Solar Panel,Zero Energy Homes

Photo Voltaic Solar Panel,Zero Energy Homes

Energy Saving EQUIPMENT S for Zero Energy Homes

Some guide lines for your equipment’s used at home to save energy and energy efficient homes.
These are some ways you can reduce higher energy consumption
a) Faulty appliances will
-Refrigerator with faulty thermostat
-broken and defective caskets
– shortage of refrigerant
b) Longer duration of usage of appliances will cause higher energy consumption
c) Old appliances will cause power will cause higher energy consumption
d) small units with an over load will cause will cause higher energy consumption

The energy consumption can be reduced by tweaking the House Hold equipment  by:

  • Refrigerator

    -it should not be located in a warm place eg near the sun or cooker stove
    -there should be adequate space behind the and around the equipment.
    -Check the freeze temperature should be at -18deg C
    -The temperature of the freezer should be at 5deg C
    -Frost build up shall not exceed 6mm(1/4 inch) thickness
    -Food arrangement in a way to have adequate space between the food
    -When you are going on a holiday clean the refrigerator
    -Avoid open the fridge frequently
    _Plenty of space between and the sides for energy savings

  • Microwave

-ensure the gasket for wear and tear, replace it if defective
-defective hinges
-Microwaves saves about 10-25% of heat compared to electric oven for heating and reheating
-it save 75% energy for cooking compared to electric ovens

  • Air conditioning Units

-AC units are installed away from the direct sun
-the size shall be the correct size
-the temperature setting for the air conditioning is to be 24-25 deg C for comfort
– the air filter is cleansed
-the outside coil is cleansed at least twice a year
-the blower unit is cleansed once a year
-heck the refrigerant once a year.

  • Oven

-Preheating is a waste of energy and 10 minutes before the cooking time, switch off the oven saves about 25% energy
-Thaw frozen food before cooking
-cook several dishes at one time
-keep the door closed if inspection is needed peek through the window

  • Home Entertainment

-equipment’s are switched off at the plug, standby mode consume power
-ensure the power saver function if the computer is activated when left idle in between activities

  • Lighting

-Lights use are EE(energy efficient typ) eg Fluorescent type should be Energy
-Saving Lamp or Compact Fluorescent lamp, CFLs instead of incandescent type
-switch off when not in use

  • Water Heater

-Use the instant water heater compared the central water heater as it stores heated water and most times they are wasted. If you are choosing a storage type, get the correct size. A capacity of 25 liter is enough for a family of 4-5 members.

Energy Labels

When buying the appliances check for Energy Labels

-Air conditioning -EER(Energy Efficiency Ratio) the higher the ratio the more efficient is the air con. A minimum of 8 is good.

Zero Energy Homes

 Energy Labels for Zero Energy Homes

Lastly ensure when the Energy Labels are shown in your House Hold Products your purchase. Products  from the US, Thailand, UK and  Australian  have Energy Star Labels

Zero Energy Homes

Energy-Star Label. Energy efficiency, Zero Energy Homes

If you need further information with regards to converting your home to  Zero Energy Homes contact us for more information, If you need design a Net Zero Energy Home, kindly  contact us for further advise. Visit our website for products which will decrease your electric bill at http://www.sda-architect.com/

Prepared by Ar Perumal Nagapushnam

Your Name (required)

Your Email (required)

Subject

Your Message

So you want to be an Architect

Architect

Architect-Famous Architects ALIVE

Architect-Famous Architects ALIVE

 Duties of Architects

An Architect is a professional who designs building plans. These plans are called schematic or conceptual drawings
 He will further go to seek the approval from the local authorities. By doing this, he will seek to comply with the Local By-laws
or the Building Codes. He will then produce tender drawings for the building.

Production of Drawing by Architects

The tender drawings are drawing which the tenderer  (contractors) are called in to bid for the project. The successful
bidder is awarded the construction of the building. The successful bidders or tenderer is called the contractor.

Architects produce the construction drawings. which may differ from the tender drawing. The construction
drawings are used by the contractor to construct the buildings.

Supervision of Construction by Architects

The Architects (architecht) supervises the construction of the building by the Contractor.He ensures the building
is built to the standard Codes of Practices in the country, In the US the AS(American Standards) are used. In the UK the
BS( British Standards) are used. In Japan , JAS(Japanese Standards) are used. These standards establish the quality
and workmanship standards the contractor is to abide in. These standards are specified by the Architect(archetec)
in the Tender document. The tender documents during the construction are called contract documents. He administers
the contract document during the construction. On completion of the construction. he issues certificates for completion of the
building. The accounts are settled called final accounts. The Final certificate and many other certificates are issued by the
Architect during the construction to the contractor.

During the construction. the Architect (architecs) instructs the Contractor to construct the building and administers
the contract.On completion. he seeks the consent of the Local authorities for issue of the Certificate of Fitness or
Certificate of Completion and compliance
.
The  Architect (archite) is bound by the jurisdictions of the contract.

Responsibility of Construction

The Architect’s responsibility for the building is until his death. If the building collapses or fails, he will be called upon,
is answerable for the collapse or failures.He uses consultants such as a Structural engineer, civil engineer, mechanical
engineer, electrical engineer, Quantity Surveyor, landscape architect,town planner or any specialist consultants to
help him complete the design and construction of the building. Other specialist consultants may be anEcologist
for biodiversity design, an Energy consultant for Net Zero Advice, an Acoustic consultant, a Geotechnical specialist,
Environmental Engineer, Traffic engineer,Surveyor, External lighting consultant, a Facade consultant , Interior designer etc.

Origin of the word “Architect”

 The word architect derives from the Latin architectus, a Greek  derivative for (arkhi-, chief +tekton, builder),
which means chief builder.
The builder and the designer were one and all which were some times referred to the Master
Builder or Master Architect.

Use of the word” Architect” by other professions

The terms architect  are used in other disciplines such as Landscape Architects, Naval architects and in
IT network architects  or software architects.The uses of the terms “architect”[3] and “landscape architect” are
legally protected for building purposes and  not for IT. However the concept of one who organizes the spaces
within the “IT world of spaces” is a derivative from Building Architect
.

Challenges of  Architects

When Architects says that he is practicing, he is providing the above services in a professional
capacity. He does not mean he is employed by another but rather that he is running his own company which is an
Architectural entity.Architecture or Architect has to be specially trained in many areas that he is usually more
useful only with time and not when he is out from the academic training from his university. A fresh engineer is
rather useful when he graduates, a medical doctor is able to prescribe medication to a patient when he is a fresh
graduate, but  not for an Architect. He is in his prime at a late age of his career.

Recent Trends of Architecture

The above duties are rather the rudiments of an Architect but a good architect is one who provides not merely
the design of buildings, but goes one step further to encompass the needs of the building owner and creates
an ambiance which is felt. The ambiance may be a feeling of emotions of the spaces. The feelings and emotions
are created by being in the space. Sounds of running water or falling water created. The natural lighting may be
reflected within the spaces to create a spiritual feeling of reverence. Textures of materials are used to denote
character of the spaces, or cultures. Eg the Rustic Balinese architecture uses materials in it most natural forms,
which is characteristic of the Balinese architecture. In recent years the Efficient use of Energy is a call for
the global weather changes to reduce the CO2 emission in the air. The loss of many hot spots biodiversity is called
for biodiversity in designs to save the heating planet.

  • Origin of Architects

Much have not been recorded in history about the original use of the word.It is Greek/Roman word for a builder.
But the design concept of building evolved with time.Initially building were built and often copied relentlessly
without much consideration to the environment or locality. But in more recent year much of the repetitive nature of
doing thing have been vigorously questioned . This was in line with the changes that took place in the West. In the
East, building was expensive and the construction was built for a purpose.Passive designs were incorporated in
Forts , water was used to cool and mitigate the  hot summers.The first Architects built the Pyramids, the temples
of India,the Great walls of China, ancient cities were planned in Grid lines in Mohen-Daro & Harrapa of the Indus
valley, the sunken Krishna City of India and the Incas of ancients Americas. Someone put together these buildings,
cities and structures .It would be inconceivable that it arose without some plans and designs.

  • Architecture

An Architect creates the Architecture,. The character of Architecture of the Roman, Indians,Chinese,Japanese,
Egyptian are different but they all use block work.This was the common materials that were used to create structures
for the purposes of its times. Most building were built as monuments to the deities of worship.The Chinese had during
the Sung Dynasty, volumes written about timber constructions and specifications.The Indus civilization came to an
abrupt end with remains tells the story of a great civilization that perished.
The Roman  world of Architecture derived from the Sumerian Architecture,which evolved from the Babylonian
architectures. The Babylonian Architecture influenced the Persian Architectures which influenced the Greek Architectures .
The Greeks civilization  influenced the Roman Architectures and Roman cultures.The Roman Architecture was called
the Classical Period.Roman architectural principles are adopted even in today’s world of Architecture. Read about the
Famous Architects Alive.

1)The Roman Classical Period

The first Architect of the Roman emperor was Vitruvius– he contribution was the design principles which influenced
the architectural principles we used today.The Romans discovered concrete and it was the technology of the times,
Much of the Roman building’s pillars and columns  were made of concrete.The re-bar was discovered by the American
merely 200 years ago. Therefore the limitation of concrete reduced the majesty of building built as of today.
Read History of Architectures,note the time line with a  comparison to other civilizations.

2)The Romanesque Period

3) Gothic Period

The Gothic Architecture bloomed soon after the Roman Classical Periods. The Father of the Gothic Architecture
was Abbot Suger was a principal person to lead the Architectural building of the times.The Gothic  structures were
used for church with aspired to the sky resembling worship to the God.

In a nutshell, the following were the Architectural movements that brought us, the Architecture today

4)  Baroque Period
5)  Classical Revival
6)  Gothic Revival
7)  Beaux-Arts
8)  Art Nouveau
9)  Modern Architecture
10)Art Deco
11) International Architecture
12)Deconstructionist Architecture

  • Practice of Architect

The Architect role is to design, provide estimates of the cost to construct the building, He may provide a Feasibility study,
showing the profitability of the building project. He may employ a QS to provide such information.He works with a team
of consultants to establish his design or specialism teams to complete the building.The client ( building owner)employs
the Architect to complete the task.His office is called the Architectural Patrice. Or he is said to be practicing architecture.

  • Design Role of Architect

The Architect designs the building from the Inception stage, to the Conceptual stage. These are the design stages that
proceed form here to the following Phases of Design:
1) Schematic Design Phase
2) Design Development Phase
3) Contract Documentation Phase
4) Contract Implementation and Management Phase 
At the Schematic Phase, the design and cost is produced and if the client is content with the design and the cost, he would
proceed to the Design Development Phase. Here he may submit the design to the local authorities for approval. On approval
he will week to the Contract Documentation Phases .During the Documentation Phase. all drawing are somewhat finalized
for the tender bidding. Lastly. the Contract Implementation Phase is when the contractor builds the design initially designed
by the Architect.

Architect may provide Supplementary Services in addition to the Basic Design Role. Such services may to in helping
the Client to select a suitable site.For instance. an Airport is large ndertaking and involves much cost. In this instance. the

options of selecting a suitable location shall be done by a team of Airport architects, Airport planners, Airport  engineers etc
to complete which location is the best option.

  • Means of Design

The means of design traditionally were to make a produce drawing in sketches or perspectives and sometimes a scaled model was
made, to produced to illustrate the concepts. The manual approach is replaced by computer-aided tools.The  Softwares used  to
design are Google Sketch up,Archicad, Revit,Rhinoceros,3-D Max, lumion etc.
The drafting boards, with T squares,Set squares and pens are have replaced with the drafting Softwares such as Autocad etc

  • Environmental role

Building are emit about 40% of the CO2 in the atmosphere . Architects now play an important role to reduce the CO2 emission in the air.
Building, cities and countries are called upon to reduce CO2 in the air by the UN. This will help to reduce the rapid deterioration of Global
warming.Green and Sustainable design or energy efficient buildings are now the call for Architects in this Environmental role. The
following are the environmental concerns for architects: Loss of Biodiversity,Zero Carbon Emissions,Green and Sustainability designs.

  • Construction Role

The Architect ensure the building he designed is built as per his plans.He is responsible until the building is built and handed over and
his responsibility remains with him until he dies.

  • Alternative Practice and Specializations

An architect has many options to work as a Project Manger for the client or contractor, He has options to be an Arbitrator ,adviser for buildings to a council, editor for magazines, write articles for newspaper on architectural matters, be a lecturer as an Architect.He may be employed by banks, City councils,Contractors, Developers or PWD ( Public Works Departments).

He may specialize in areas such as Architect Planner, Architect with Legal experience,Net Zero Energy Architect, Green Architect and  Architect cum Interior Designer.

  • Professional Requirements

An Architect professional requirement varying from country to country. Generally. a degree in Architecture may not be sufficient,
He may have to complete a post graduate studies till he is proficient in the business of Architecture.The accepted universities are listed by the Board of Architects in the country. He registers as a graduate Architect with the Board and he would be required to sit for an examination after 2-3 years as a graduate architect. On passing the examinations he then would be eligible to practice architecture in that country.With the TPPA is in place soon, a profession architect from one country is allowed to practice in the TPPA nations without inhibitions. For now most nations protect the architect from practicing in another nation.In the US, the architects register with AIA,American Institute of Architects to practice . In Australia they register with the AIA, Australian Institute of Architects and in Malaysia architects register with LAM, Lembaga Arkitek Malaysia to practice as Architects.

Prepared by Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

Your Name (required)

Your Email (required)

Subject

Your Message

The Gothic period lasted from the 12th to the 16th Century. It started in the late Medieval and

ended at the beginning of the Renaissance.

Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture

Its architecture evolved from Romanesque, of Roman Influences of architecture.

 

It was characterized by:

  • Ribbed pointed arches,
  • ribbed vaults, and
  • High buttress.
  • High windows permeating light inside building
  • Tall building with greater span and any other period of time
During the Gothic revival the Salt Lake temple was built

During the Gothic revival the Salt Lake temple was built

This allowed the building unlike the Roman building to be larger and taller. The span of building were greater and the spaces inside auspicious. Lights were allowed in at high window an allowed the bright special divine radiance inside the buildings.

During the Gothic revival the Salt Lake temple was built

During the Gothic revival the Salt Lake temple was built

The different Types of Architects and what they do?

key words: Project Architects,Resident Architects,Design Architects,Bungalow Architects,Shopping center specialist Architects,Interior designing,Hotels Architects Architects,Hospital Architects, Architect Arbitrator ,Commercial Office Architects,Architect Planners,Landscape Architects,Timber building Architects,Resident Architects. arkitek

There are many Types of Architects  listed below are some of them and what they do:
Many types of Architects are covered in these website such as Green Architect,Net Zero Energy Architect, Eco Green Architect.

Principal Architect

He is runs the Architectural company, he may be the founder, owner of the company

Project Architects

What does a Project Architects do?
The Project Architect  manages a team of Architectural office staff consisting of Resident Architects , Design Architects and a team of draftsman .He ensure the project is managed contractually ( contract administration. A Project Architect is  used for a large project  or he would be required to deal with many smaller projects.

He reports firstky to the Pricipal Architect of the comapny and he may report to the Owners of the building ( or a Project Management Team). He rports on the overall progress of works,manages changes that occurs which may arise from time to time ,manages the Program or any issues that may arrise at the site. He also manages a consultant teams of Civil & Structural Engineers, Mechanical and Electrical Engineers, Urban Town Planner, the Cost consultants( called the QS), and Landscape Architect, Interior Designers, Specialist Consultants such as –Acoustic consultants, Lighting consultants, Façade consultants and Green Sustainability, Net Zero Energy Consultants and Ecologist. The contractor or the builder reports to him on the progress regularly

Design Architects

What does a Design Architects do?
A Design Architect designs the building, by complying with the client’s design brief and local building code and  bye law requirements. He report to the Project Architect or to the Pricipal Architect. 

He submits the plans to the local authorities for approval and coordinating the approvals of the engineer’s plans to the local authorities as well. The design architect during the construction will ensure the design aspects of the building are attained and reviews the approvals of materials submitted by the Contractor and ensure it is compliant with the specifications of the contract.

Bungalow Architects

What does a Bungalow Architects do?
An Architect that specializes in designing of Bungalows as the design and construction of Bungalow is a rather confine to a very specialized area of work. The difficulty of putting up a Bungalow cannot be underestimated. He  meets the needs of the owner of homes both at a macro level and at a micro level of details. Every nook and corner of the bungalow is subjected to review by the house owner . This Architect ought to be rather knowledgeable about the details of material, construction and aesthetics of the buildings. He should be familiar with the different types of house plans,history of house architecture, the types of houses, large homes and small homes, timber materials , log houses, cottage houses, beach houses, 2 bed room houses, 3 bed room houses, duplex houses, southern living homes, Asian homes and Green Homes, modern house plans, Open house floor plans, Japanese house floor plans etc, It is varied form place to place and region to region. He  designs homes according to the need of the owner and it meeting with the local market value systems to maintain value of the homes.

Shopping CenterSpecialist Architects

What does a Shopping center specialist Architects do?
The shopping specialist architect , deasl with large shopping centers, hyper markets and supermarket. It might seem like a simple thing , which is not true otherwise; in fact a mistake  undertaken in the design of a shopping centers, may result in a gargantuan tragedy. It may resulting in a white elephant or a ghost shopping center. Therefore in selecting an Architect to design a shopping center one should evaluate his background of experiences in shopping centers designs. The strategies to capture the flow of traffic, direct the flow,captivating their interest,lighting levels and the latest trends in shopping is rather important for the success of the shopping center and creating a thriving shopping center.
The Architect will study the types of shops and how it will be laid out to create demand and reduce dead ends of circulation of traffic and is aware of the magic of working public traffic using anchor tenants.

Interior designing Architects

What does, a Interior designing Architects do?
An architect who is specialized in the interiors of the building and creates and transforms the interior spaces to a functional space or a space of beauty. The interior design should begin at the outset of design process making the spaces as an integral part of the building and not as a make over of the design as an after thought. There is a difference between an Interior designer and a interior decorator. A Interior decorator merely provides the make up of the building .

Hospital Architects

What does, a Hospital Architects do?
A Hospital architect deals with an area of specialization  with the internal planning of hospitals. These are medical and health requirements, which shall be complied. All aspects of the spaces are designed with the health of the patients in mind .For instances the lifts are specially  much slower that the conventional lifts it takes into consideration of patients with weak heart or high blood pressure who are susceptible to heart attacks. The rooms are designed for clean room conditions and the air will be designed for clean air to minimize the spread of air borne diseases.Room are subjected to view for quick recover.Planning of the services are necessary for Energy efficiency as Hospitals guzzles energy.

Hotel Architects

What does a Hotels Architects do?
Hotel Architects are specialist in designing the bed rooms, the commercial kitchen, ballrooms, restaurants, lounges, connectivity of service corridors to service lifts, loading, unloading area and the maintenance areas. There are many types of hotels. Some hotels that are  centered around golfing circuits, some are based on beaches fronts, some on ball rooms and seminars services and others dependent on visitors from the Air port or local retail centers etc .Operators of Hotels, such as Hilton  have their own manuals for designing hotels in keeping with their brands.Architect  design according Hotels Operator’s  guidelines stipulated in Operator’s manuals. This will  ensure the operations are efficient and profitable. All 5-6 star hotels will be designed with the Operators requirements at the outset. This will avoid design tragedies and mega failures in Hotels. If you need to know if Design matters, look around at Hotels that have failed in business other than  that “location matters”.

Commercial Office Architects

What does a Commercial Office Architects do?
The design of high rise office towers shall be designed with low maintenance free designs, efficient layout floor plans, high energy performance building, shaded well from the heating sun and conservation of heat during summer and cautiously with the safety of the end users during maintenance of building, design for easy management of the building. New concepts such as Net Zero Energy Building, which is our area of special focus.  Green and Sustainability concepts are introduced by certification bodies such as Living Challenge, LEEDS, Green Building Index,Green Marks etc.

Architect Arbitrator

What does a Architect Arbitrator do?
An architect that is familiar with the contractual relationship between the parties in the building industry and how the function and further more he is most familiar with the designing and the design process and the work that all parties are bound in the industry. And this makes him as a suitable candidate to arbiter the arguments that arise among the parties in the industry. In some countries where there is no Construction court, many lawyers and even Judges are not familiar with the terms of the contract, duties of the parties of the contract and the relationship between them and make the proceeding and the judgments to be miscarried. Therefore it is best to have architects who are legal based who are the best arbiter to conduct and make the best judgment in arbitration case.

Architect Planners

What does a Architect Planners do?
An Architect who is trained academically as an Architect and  as an Urban Town Planner.An architect is aware of what is happening within a building . Town Planner designs a collection of buildings in a Town or country settings. An Urban Planner designs the interrelationships between the buildings. He interconnects the buildings with open spaces, parks and garden etc. Building are designed by architect without any consideration to the buildings in the neighborhoods. It is said that building have to talk to each other and the design of park in relationship with the footpaths leading to one another is necessary to create an wonderful urban environment. Urban Town Planning fills in  these gaps and is a go in between Planning and Architects in urban areas.

Landscape Architects

What do Landscape Architects do?
A landscape architect, at a micro level, is one who designs the soft landscape (plants, lawns, shrubs etc) and the landscape (pavements, benches, footpaths, street lights bollard etc) .
At a macro level he may be a designer as a Town Planner. He may also design the country sides and be involved as Town and Country Planner does in Town and Country Planning.

Timber Building Architects

What does a Timber building Architects do?
An architect who is familiar with the architecture of  timber, the different type of timbers ,how to preserve timber, the art and crafting and beauty of timber . He has an appreciation of the fine timber quality, how to design rustically in some situation ,making a beauty out of the ruggedness of the house.He is a master of timber homes.

Resident Architects

What does a Resident Architects do?
Resident Architects are those who oversea the quality of materials used and overseas the workmanship,during the construction of the building. He will ensure where  standing supervision is required especially where concrete works are carried out.He is partly responsible for the works carried out by the contractor. He ensures the contractor uses materials , specified by the designer (Architects), He is engaged only during the construct of the works until the building is successfully handed over to the Owner of the building. The Owners of the building, may extend his engagement as A Residential Architect until the Building is certified fit for occupation (in some regions this is called the Certificate of Fitness in others it is called Certificate of Completion and Compliance.)
a) He should be able to study all drawings such as Architectural and Engineering . He identifies errors in drawings and missing details .He checks and conduct test on the material that is used by the contractor.There are times although the approved samples submitted are never used on the building during the construction by the contractor. The materials are short changed during the construction . This leaving the building with a massive maintenance problem ,during the life span of the building.
b) He may send the materials to the laboratory for testing to ensure compliance with the specifications.
c) He submits progress report to the building owner and the Principal Architect of the project. He reports the works is in progress and the no of workers at the site. He also report  the equipment used at the site.He reporst the weather conditions at the site.
d) He monitors the Health and Safety Manuals and enforces it at the site such as ensure the use of  Hard Hats, Safety boots, Safe erection of scaffolding , Safety cables, safety nets , safety platforms are in place, ensure no water-ponds are found at site to minimize the breeding of mosquitoes, healthy the living quarters for workers, the Electricity cables are elevated above the ground with proper switch outlets etc.
e) The Resident Architect endorses the correctness of the Contractor’s Progress report.

Prepared by Architect Perumal Nagapushnam, contact us

Why do I have to paint my Architectural house!

Painting has 2 functional reasons  , which is to :

  • Protection, to protect the material painted on
  • Aesthetics, to make material painted to look beautiful

A) Protection

  • You generally protect iron, aluminum, wood, brick, block, cement rendered and plastered surfaces. If you don’t iron will rust, wood will decay, bricks & blocks will collect fungi and cemented surfaces will discolor and will have a look of decadence.
  • Another good reason for painting is protect against the harsh conditions such as -salt spray from the sea-coast or such as a polluted air that causes the materials to corrode rapidly.
  • Other protections are such as-application of preservatives on timber surfaces to prevent insect attacks on timber.
  • A good painting scheme can last for 10 years or more.

B) Aesthetics

  • Generally the look of material after a good treatment of protection has a distasteful appearance and lacking any appeal. As such the material is further treated to look good and the appeal you trying to create.
  • These additional coatings of paint for aesthetics will give additional weather protection as a good cover as well.

Ok, now have I  convinced about why the need to painting and its necessities, if so let us  , continue on to the next topic:-How do I choose what paint to use!

Of course, by now you should have chosen your theme of colors you want to use for your house, if you have not you may want to read for guide lines on how I choose colors for my articles of how to choose the color:

step 1.0 Choose colors.

Decide the colors schemes for the house floor plans or building layout

step 2.0 Select the Brand of paint.

Selecting the paint brand may be difficult as there are many brands. Choose the brand that gives 5-10 years warranty. There may be conditions to this, please read the warranty carefully, and ensure the preconditions for the enforcement of the  warranties are full filled.Some times it is difficult to choose the exact color but in recent time the suppliers  can create the colors you but of course with a cost to it.

step 3.0 Select the Coats

Look through their manufacturer’s recommendation of what painting coats they recommend and the number of coats required for a 5 year warranty or a 10 year warranty. Check the type of coating recommended for the material.

Surface Preparation
Before painting the most important thing any painter need to do is surface preparations. If the surface is well done most of your painting scheme will give less problem and last long. I am not going to go through all the types of preparation as it is a discourse on it own.

B.1) Iron Metal

– is painted with a metallic oxide, with 1 undercoat of Oil paint, with 2 coats of finishing paint. The metallic surfaces may warrant a surface preparation of wire brushing or grit blasting to remove all the rust that may have incurred on its surface.

If is metal surfaces has been treated by galvanizing , than the surface needs no more wire brushing, grit blasting to remove rust as this was done prior to the galvanizing process. The metallic oxide should be zinc chromate, followed with 1 undercoat of Oil paint, with 2 coats of finishing paint.

  • Wood
    – before painting the surfaces are prepared smooth with sand paper knotted and primed with a suitable primer. If it is to be painted with glossy, you paint using aluminum oxide as primer with 1 undercoat of Oil paint, with 2 coats of finishing paint.And if, it is treated with stains to give a natural look, follow the instructions from the manufacturer.
  •  Cemented surfaces( or surfaces that are alkali based as a cement boards)
    The walls are sanded down, smooth and painted with an alkali resisting primer, finished with 1 undercoat of water paint, with 2 coats of finishing paint coats.

If you are not sure of the above on how to go about how to work on  your architectural house design , contact  our architects at http://www.sda-architect.com/

 

 

10 rules on How do you design a Cottage house floor plan


How shall I recreate the settings of the wonderful, great cottages rendered in the poems and legends past? There are some simple guide lines to follow. Call or contact us at http://www.sda-architect.com if you need further Architect’s advice. Keep reading and see how simple it can get, see for your self:
How do you design a Cottage house floor plan

Rule 1:
Let your heart dictates the cottage house floor plan.
Rule 2: How do you design a Cottage house floor plan
Let a great prominent Architect -Andrew Jackson Downing (writing in the Horticulturist, 1848) say it to you best, “Do not build your dwelling like temples, churches or cathedrals. Let them be characteristically, dwelling house. let the cottage be a cottage.”The cottage house floor plan don’t have to be ornamented with architectural facades, special doors, window or architectural pediments features and lastly avoid church like features like high pitched roofs or Stain glass window.Modern house floor plans are in opposite other end of cottages.
Rule 3 How do you design a Cottage house floor plan
Use simple porches, veranda’s, simple bay window, and simple doors in its most natural existence that brings honesty to the cottage and a rustic feeling to the cottage.
How do you design a Cottage house floor plan Rule 4
Use a porch as entrance, not direct into the house.
Rule 5
Step roofs allow the snow to fall of naturally
Rule 6
Place the kitchen in the primary position –IN the Front of the house.
Rule 7
Your cottage may be located near a river, sea side, pond, mountain height, or by a simple brook. Use these features into your cottage house plan aggressively integrating then into you.
Rule 8
Avoid rich colors, use plain white where necessary or rather best use the material in its most natural colors.
Rule 9
Avoid large homes to keep the maintenance low and the ambiance of the cottage recreated with little upkeep. As the natural stones, and timbers need no cleaning but rather looks better in its natural existence.
See website for some brilliant ideas for log homes http://www.sda-architect.com and cottages home at http://www.sda-architect.com
Keep the small layout open floor plan that will make it cozy and comfortable.
Rule 10
The landscape is the most important feature-
i)the fence,
ii)the stones-cape,
iii) the foot paths
iv) the wine and its flowers

If you need to design homes call us at http://www.sda-architect.com, check out our house floor plans

Prepared by Net Zero Energy Architect Perumal Nagapushnam  http://www.sda-architect.com

Night view of French House Night view of French House

Night view of French House

How do I create a new dream Home using a Bungalow Architect

Designing a “Dream House Floor Plan” is relatively easy. Follow a few simple steps and you are in the right directions without making any out of the beat decisions.

Step 1 in Creating  your new dream Home


Have a collection of your ideal pediments and ornaments for roof structures, window dressings, door dressings, frame styles, tile collections, lockets and decorations that you really want to have in your dream house floor plan.

Dream house

Washington– Dream house

Step 2 in Creating  your new dream Home


Continue to visit friends who have great house and talk to them about the mistake and great thing they achieved in their homes. You will learn from them with first hand experience on how they designed their new dream Home.

Brick house Dream house

Brick house Dream house

Step 3  in Creating  your new dream Home


The great American architect Frank Lloyd Wright studied the Japanese House Floor Plan and spends some years in Japan to study the great design. His designs were influenced by the great Japanese design that existed in the Japanese House Floor Plan. It is therefore good for all who wants to contrive a home plan, start by looking at other good designs and get an idea of what suites you and your budget.

 

You could do the same, enlarge your understanding by studying other houses. Check out my site at http://www.sda-architect.com/house-floor-plans/ for some architects designed homes for some ideas.You don’t have to spend too much money buying books or magazines but rather browse the web site on the topic of house floor design. and soon you would have an good idea of what you need.

Step 4  in Creating  your new dream Home


If you have no clue to designs or styles, choose from of a plan closes to your dream  styles in your  neighborhood for your favorite architectural house style or house floor plans in google search. you can contact us for some idea of how you could begin, Generally architectural styles have developed from the Classical period, the Gothic, Neo-classical, Gothic revival, Tudor, Victorian,Edwardian,Modern,Post Modern,deconstruction etc to Green and Sustainability to Net Zero Energy House floor Plans.The are also some tropical styles such as Balinese styles, Malay Home style, Indian styles and Chinese and Japanese Styles and African styles and French styles and Mediterranean Styles

Step 5  in Creating  your new dream Home


Now that you are armed with what you want for your new dream Home and you have obtains a house floor plan closes to your dream. Seek to modify your plans based on your needs. List out what is your needs, what does the house serve to functions as…And . If the changes are too great, choose a Bungalow Architect whos can help you here , most often you would need help as architect is trained and displined to modify the to suite your need .But some time your site may not suite the plans you have chosen, as the building may not fit into he site, or the best optimized layout is not achieved not matter what you do the modify the house floor plans. The study of the sites constraints and best features of the site is called a site analysis.In this instance it is best you redesign the dream plans using an architect.

Choose some one who is friendly and flexible and who would spend time with you to achieve what you want. Remember bungalow designs are difficult to design and there are very few Architects who would to do that for the minimal fees they collect. In the first place the fees they collect usually do not commensurate with the amount of time to be employed. Choose well.check out our reasonable fees.

Step 6  in Creating  your new dream Home


Make a correct decision to choose an architect as you may not be able to get rid of him easily until you settle his fees.

Before you decide to employ an Architect, ask your friends who have previously employed one for advice. Make sure you see his company profile of the work he has done .If you are satisfied! Employ him. Remember, if you pay peanuts you get monkeys for architects. If have some extra money to spend on good architectural services, pay for it. You will not regret that decision.

Share with him your dreams and what features, pediments, ornaments and photo of what you want or need. Some Bungalow Architect hate to see these preferences as they would like to think you are hitting the wrong direction and that they have the only solution for you site and so on and so forth.

You have to decide if you want to continue with some one you can work with or not, otherwise go get another. There is not many to choose from, any way.

Step 7  in Creating  your new dream Home


Make sure the Bungalow Architect’s designs that he gives you -an architectural house style that suites your needs, lifestyle and fanciful new dream Home. And when you are done with the design, the architect will take you through the job.check out our site for some magnificent designs you will note we are the best in the world wide web, as our designs are hand designed.

 

Best Wishes on your Dream House floor Plan.

What the basic Net Zero Energy Building Terms used in Design

Net Zero Green and sustainability

Photo Voltaic Panels

The main Net Zero Energy Building Terms  used in Designs are :


1,) Net Zero Energy Building Energy Models
are virtual e models of the building which is based on building physics and it uses a baseline model and compares the energy savings with the proposed model. Interpreting the results will make the difference. Read the 10 types of energy saving model in this blog

The Energy performances are to be controlled through-out the delivery process tracking for net zero energy performance?The entire design team should interface with the energy model for energy modeling to be successfully achieved as an end to the energy model.

Inputs such as OTTV, RTTV, air con loads, temperature set points , outside ambient temperatures, and details about systems will help the energy model to be accurate.A white box model/shoe box model helps to analyze the daylight and energy performances.  A white box model is a simple 3 d electronic model of a building without much details of the building.merely showing the overall shape of the building, and the insulation material will be shown.

These Net Zero Energy Building Energy Models can be created by Sketch up plug in such as  IES Virtual Environment and Energy Plus and Open Studio.This  model study is possible with VE( mass, window/wall ratios).In the future, the Thermal comfort models may be designed for designing purposes.Other Tools box that can be useful are–Weather Maker, sketch up, eQuest, IES Virtual Environment(VE), TRNSYS and THERM

The basic  Net Zero Energy Building Terms used in Designs


2.) Energy-energy is a property of objects which can be transferred to other objects or converted into different forms, but cannot be created or destroyed.
The types of Energy are – Kinetic Energy, Potential Energy, Mechanical Energy,Gravitational Energy, Nuclear Energy, Chemical Energy, Electricity Energy, Motion Energy, Thermal Energy, Radiant Energy and  Sound Energy.

3.) Law of Thermodynamics states that:
a)Energy cannot be created or destroyed, the sum energy of the universe is constant.
b)Law of Entropy, that energy flow from hot to cold

4.) Power is the rate of doing work or transfer of energy, P=W/t, SI for power is Joules per sec(Watt), a LED using 1watt diode uses 1-watt energy for 1hour

5.) Horse Power is to measure mechanical power,

6.) Btu is heat used to raise the temperature by 1 pound of water by 1 degree F.MBtu is the power to cool and heat water for air con.
Megawatt hour is electrical energy

7.) Photo-voltaic Solar panels convert radiant energy to electrical energy and thermal energy.
8.) pls read here Super Insulation,
9)   pls read here Solar Path
10) pls read here Renewable Energy
11) pls read here BAS Systems
12) pls read here Shading
13) pls read here Orientation of Building
14) pls read here  LED lighting
15.) pls read here Energy Bill
16,) pls read here Peak Loads
17.) pls read here  Conductance,Conductivity,Resistivity, Resistance

water fall House Floor Plan

Net Zero Energy house floor plans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

check out our Net Zero Energy House Plans

check out our Seminar for Net Zero Energy and Net Zero Emission Building Seminar 

Carbon Trading

Green architect

 

 

 

 

 

Prepared by Green Architect Architect Perumal Nagapushnam, http://www.sda-architect.com/

 

 

Net Energy Building for Office Tower

Models for Net Zero Energy Buildings are used by  Net Zero Architects to calculate the amount of energy saving in the schematic stages of the design, which then are  used as a basis of energy  design control through out the design implementation stages.The model is a 3-D electronic model of a building, it is also a simplified model without much details of the building, which will help calculate the calculation intentions. It is refereed as a shoe box model. There are many types of models used in designing a Net Zero Energy Building design.There are 11 types of Energy Model, which are:

1.) Heat Transfer model for Net Zero Energy Buildings in House Floor Plans
Model show that show how the heat is transferred from the outside to the interiors of the building architectural floor plans.
2.) Lighting model for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
Model showing how the day light penetrates top the interiors of the building and it helps Architect to design the light fittings in the building architectural layout outs.
The study of a the lighting levels through out the day would show the amount of light derived from the sun into the building and it helps the Net Zero Energy Buildings Architects to design the additional lighting need ed to make the building sufficiently lighted up.
The amount of light that can be daylight harvested can also be studied, note the amount of light lux derived from the sun is about 100,000-140,000 lux in comparison to what is needed in the office space is only a merger 400lux, the potentials of day light harvesting has to be considered seriously in the light of the current worldwide needs.
3.) BIM Model-Building Information Model for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
A digital computerized model, which has information about clashes of the architectural and engineering elements, it provides information about costing, and when plug-in with time project management time line program, we are able to produce the physical model developing over the time line of the builder. The model can be used to study the thermal heat, energy model and total embodied energy of the building architectural plans. This is a great tool for architects and project management consultants.
4.) Energy Model  for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
–A simple model used for computerized computation of the energy usage in the building for every month or per year based on the climate conditions, and the building insulation and orientation for buildings. A designing tool, which is helpful to Net Zero Energy Buildings Architects in  choosing the mass proportion and selection of materials.
5.) Wind Model for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
– A simple model used for computerized computation of the direction of the wind into the building based on the openings of the buildings. It will help Net Zero Energy Buildings Architects to decide where openings shall be created to enable wind to be harvested.
6.) CFD-for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
Computerized Fluid Dynamics is a study of the flow of air in  a  building, where the direction is established and the comfort is designed and it is a tool for Net Zero Energy Buildings Architects to remove impediments to comfort. It helps the architects to design buildings of how the heated air flows, how the ventilation of air flows throughout the building.
7.) Massing and Study Model for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
-a model used by Net Zero Energy Buildings Architects to evaluate the proportion, the shape , bulk , form aesthetics and how the form affects the environment.
8.) Thermal Model for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
– a model which reveal the sides of the building, where is heated up during the day. With the Thermal model the building designer may be able to decide how the building may be treated or insulated to keep the thermal heat from entering in to the building.
9.) Solar Path Model– for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
The path of the sun through out the year, and how it affects the building’s shadow and how it affects the sun’s rays into the window openings and show how the sun’s ray falls on the building and the building’s shadows is cast and how the neighboring building’s shadow affect the building that is being designed.
10.) Ventilation Model– for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
The study of wind and movement of air within the building

Contact us for your NZEB designs..we will be able to help you in the interest to secure the building in being less independent to the energy utility companies.check out our house floor plans.

Prepared by Net Energy Architect Perumal Nagapushnam, Green Architect of http://www.sda-architect.com/