What is House Architecture?

House Architecture is the spaces within our houses, in which we live in. This is architecture.

Some define architecture as ” Architecture is “, others define it as “Architecture is Frozen music ”

There is some truth in this in a broad sense but in a practical sense it is limited only to the shell and the simple relationship that it creates within and around. It is not everything.. as to say “ Architecture is”, because it is encompasses all  sciences, psychological happenings and hence it is not “IS”.

Traditionally Architecture of the house design is derived from the Architecture of the Temples, Cathedrals, churches, and places of worship.

As King Solomon built a House for the Lord (Temples), he like wise built a house for him self in a similar manner of the simpler version.

Our houses in almost every culture derived it shapes and form from our places of worship. The house was a type of place of worship deity.

 

conventional layout

conventional layout

 

House Architectural design is the placing of the Living room, Dining, Kitchen, Bedroom, Study, Library, Music room, Visitors, Baths and Garage in good space that make it beautiful and which gives :

”         Comfortable, Functions to what we do.

”         Durability with time

”         Reasonable Cost to the house.

If any of these are not found in your Architectural designs, it may because of a deliberate omission. As to achieve all, may be difficult and some times impossible. For instance the most beautiful building may have terrible structural design and incurring a high unreasonable cost.

So a good Architectural designs -is all about balancing one for the other.How to make a design a wonderful house floor plans with great architectural designs?There are many concepts in house plan design (nothing to do with styles) such as:

  • The Traditional Layout, which for today needs are obsolete, but these layouts are remodeled with modern utilities, such as the layouts of house of the Founding Fathers remodeled.

 

 

compact layout

compact layout

  • Courtyard Layout such as Courtyard centered layout. Where all views and vistas in the house plan is centered on the courtyard. see link for samples of courtyard design: http://www.sda-architect.com

This is rather pleasant in respect of views of the courtyard, which could be a feature of greenery, garden, breeze way, corridors, patios and of course which can calms the stressed mind, even contributes to fresh supply of oxygen leading to healthier residents.

layout House Architecture

courtyard layout House Architecture

courtyard layout House Architecture

  • Compact Layouts

Cozy tight spaces for small houses, especially in Cottage, Log houses, Vacation Houses and Beach house where the ambiance of a cottage is necessary, for no pretense of grandeur. see link for samples of compact design http://www.sda-architect.com/

Where on parking his car in the Garage, one walks through footpath along the garden to the kitchen and the kitchen views towards the garden with features such as swimming pools. There may be even waiter falls, a naturally running stream or specially designed garden. The rest of the rooms are rather conventionally designed. See samples design of this layout in http://www.sda-architect.com/

MODERN HOUSE ARCHITECTURE; LAYOUT

MODERN HOUSE ARCHITECTURE; LAYOUT

  • Apartment’s layout is rather confined to a small space. Where the layout are packed to the minimal and the best of the design comes out of creative use of little spaces, nook and corners. The best of the apartment in the great view overlooking the hill and the cityscape and the common spaces such as open garden where you could go down to relax.
  • Open Layouts, where Living, Dinning and Kitchen are simply in one big space.
    • This give flexibility to function such as party, there is sufficient space for big gatherings,
    • Flexibility of space for other use
    • Overnight room space for sleeping over for large families
    • Play area for children within the house, instead of being cooped in.
  • Conventional Layout

Conventional Layout is where the entry is made at the Hall by visitors, whose visit is kept barred within the Living room, and formal dinning.

  • The owner makes a Garage entry via the mud room into to the kitchen.
  • Groceries can be unloaded direct in to the kitchen fridge from the garage after shopping.
  • Kitchen, Living and Dining are placed together for convenient movements that take place among them.
  • Bed room all clustered together for privacy and convenience

Prepared by Net Zero Energy Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

 

Conventional Layout

What is Architecture ?

The question -What is Architecture ? is often discussed among students of Architecture endlessly. Students of Architecture spend a no of years trying to get the grips of the meaning of Architecture. In the early years the students of Architecture are confused trying to get a grips of it. In this article I wish to reduce this gap of bewildering students.

Architecture  is designing the building space in which we live in. Some define it too broadly as “Architecture is “, others define it as “Architecture is Frozen music “. While there is  truth in this definitions, the space we live in and work in , are our Architectural spaces and as such, it is every thing about us- the Environment.

Net Zero Energy buildings

Traditional Malay House,

Architectural design is putting and making a composition of  the space in a logical meaningful way that makes sense. Thereby there is a indirect correlation ship with how music notes are composed. whereas in building the notes are features and elements borrowed from the past or created anew fulfilling a functional need. You can design spaces that are awful and it is poor taste. Good designs have the following intrinsic attributes:

  • Comfortable and Functional
  • Durable with time
  • Sustainable design with eco biodiversity green ecoconsiderations
  • High energy efficient buildings- read-NZEB
  • Creates an ambiance of the space that it was meant to be
  • A space that creates an emotional experience that leaves traces of memorable experience otherwise it is a shell.
  • Reasonable Costed and not flagrant, buildings of exorbitant cost can achieve anything that you want. A insensibly costly building is a sin.
  • Beautiful with the visually, makes the hears hears sound that are pleasing, allow light to flow and thereby making the space an memorable experience.
  • Defect Free, buildings may look wonderful in the beginning but may result in leakage, cracks and uninhabitable conditions is not good architecture, the right material not the right construction is not used.

    small log mountain house

    small log mountain house

If any of those above is not found in your Architectural designs, it may be due to a deliberate omission. As to achieve all may be difficult and some times impossible. For instance the most beautiful building with great interiors has terrible structural design and high unreasonable cost. So good Architectural design -is all about making compromises along the way with cost, comforts, durability and other contending elements.

History of Architecture

Architecture is as old as History .When we talk of history of the past civilization, we talk of the architecture of the buildings. And buildings are the only remnants of the past. most record, evidences of the cultural activity is studied by the functional spaces of the buildings.the spaces such as baptismal fonts, altars of worship, temples of ancients, places of sacrifice, inscriptions of words on temple walls. Buildings of the past are mostly temples or buildings of worships. the remnants of homes are generally destroyed except for the remnants of the foundations such as in the Indus Civilizations. The civilizations of the past are :

  • Egyptian, Indian, Chinese
  •  Assyrian Period (before Babylon)*1
  • Mesopotamia (Babylon and Before), Ancient Americas (Mayan       …etc)
  • Persian Period
  • Greek Period
  • Roman Period*1
  • French(Gothic )*1
  • Georgian Architecture-The George Whyte’s House *2
  • England(Georgian, Tudor, Victorian)
  • Industrial
  • Modern
    Today buildings are high influenced by one another. For instance:
  1. the White House was patterned after the grandeur of the Roman Capitol
  2. The high rise buildings, in our cities are influenced by the new material manufactured during these periods after.
  3. The Gothic building followed after the Roman, whereas the Gothic (French) improvised from the Roman Arches and post & beam system to heavy arches(flying buttress) which supported higher and magnificent cathedrals.
  4. Chinese, Japanese Architecture while were developed independently but were not influence by the others neither influenced the world as we know of today. Except the Indian influenced spread to Angkor Watt, Malaysia, and Bali Indonesia, which is now the Bali architecture.
  • Post Modern Era
  • Green Sustainability and Net Zero Energy Buildings Movement
  • Zero Carbon emission designs, Carbon neutrality,ZeroCarbon
Carbon Trading

Green architect

 

 

 

 

 

Prepared by Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

 

Appendix:
*1 pg 538-566, volume A, World Book Encyclopedia

*2.pg 13 Houses of the Founding Fathers by Hugh Howard and Roger Straus 111

*3 pg 30 Foster and Partners by te Neues

*4 pg 73 Foster and Partners by te Neues

*5 pg.47 “The Swimming Pool” by Marta Baker

Net Energy Building for Office Tower

Models for Net Zero Energy Buildings are used by  Net Zero Architects to calculate the amount of energy saving in the schematic stages of the design, which then are  used as a basis of energy  design control through out the design implementation stages.The model is a 3-D electronic model of a building, it is also a simplified model without much details of the building, which will help calculate the calculation intentions. It is refereed as a shoe box model. There are many types of models used in designing a Net Zero Energy Building design.There are 11 types of Energy Model, which are:

1.) Heat Transfer model for Net Zero Energy Buildings in House Floor Plans
Model show that show how the heat is transferred from the outside to the interiors of the building architectural floor plans.
2.) Lighting model for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
Model showing how the day light penetrates top the interiors of the building and it helps Architect to design the light fittings in the building architectural layout outs.
The study of a the lighting levels through out the day would show the amount of light derived from the sun into the building and it helps the Net Zero Energy Buildings Architects to design the additional lighting need ed to make the building sufficiently lighted up.
The amount of light that can be daylight harvested can also be studied, note the amount of light lux derived from the sun is about 100,000-140,000 lux in comparison to what is needed in the office space is only a merger 400lux, the potentials of day light harvesting has to be considered seriously in the light of the current worldwide needs.
3.) BIM Model-Building Information Model for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
A digital computerized model, which has information about clashes of the architectural and engineering elements, it provides information about costing, and when plug-in with time project management time line program, we are able to produce the physical model developing over the time line of the builder. The model can be used to study the thermal heat, energy model and total embodied energy of the building architectural plans. This is a great tool for architects and project management consultants.
4.) Energy Model  for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
–A simple model used for computerized computation of the energy usage in the building for every month or per year based on the climate conditions, and the building insulation and orientation for buildings. A designing tool, which is helpful to Net Zero Energy Buildings Architects in  choosing the mass proportion and selection of materials.
5.) Wind Model for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
– A simple model used for computerized computation of the direction of the wind into the building based on the openings of the buildings. It will help Net Zero Energy Buildings Architects to decide where openings shall be created to enable wind to be harvested.
6.) CFD-for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
Computerized Fluid Dynamics is a study of the flow of air in  a  building, where the direction is established and the comfort is designed and it is a tool for Net Zero Energy Buildings Architects to remove impediments to comfort. It helps the architects to design buildings of how the heated air flows, how the ventilation of air flows throughout the building.
7.) Massing and Study Model for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
-a model used by Net Zero Energy Buildings Architects to evaluate the proportion, the shape , bulk , form aesthetics and how the form affects the environment.
8.) Thermal Model for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
– a model which reveal the sides of the building, where is heated up during the day. With the Thermal model the building designer may be able to decide how the building may be treated or insulated to keep the thermal heat from entering in to the building.
9.) Solar Path Model– for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
The path of the sun through out the year, and how it affects the building’s shadow and how it affects the sun’s rays into the window openings and show how the sun’s ray falls on the building and the building’s shadows is cast and how the neighboring building’s shadow affect the building that is being designed.
10.) Ventilation Model– for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
The study of wind and movement of air within the building

Contact us for your NZEB designs..we will be able to help you in the interest to secure the building in being less independent to the energy utility companies.check out our house floor plans.

Prepared by Net Energy Architect Perumal Nagapushnam, Green Architect of http://www.sda-architect.com/