Design of houses and building are primarily a composition of ornaments borrowed and in traditionally were religious significance of a meaningless object of beauty today because the meanings have been lost..
The architectural house layouts are different from location to locations varying only because of the difference of lifestyles.
The roof tiles used were of distinctively characteristic of the Chinese architectural house styles. It was a small tile which lapped over well. The small sized tile allowed the roof to arch in both directions to allow the characteristic Chinese roof style. The last row of tiles was held up firmly with a cemented ridge..The view of a Chinese ornamented roofs, lighted, unusually brilliant at night.
Here is a classic modern design where use of the exposed roof tiles from the interior which with the light radiating from the edges creates a wonderful design with a pleasant ambiance copied from the Chinese architectural house styles.
The windows used in traditional architectural design styles are similar to the Georgian or Asian styles. They must have been influenced by the cross border trades that occurred among them influencing the architecture as well
Here are some great large timber decorative doors used in Chinese design.
Chinese courtyard typical of the way small Chinese enclaves lives with a central courtyard which held the community together for utilities at the center for the courtyards. – the water well were located in the center of the courtyard. The courtyard was also the place of meeting and functions.Courtyard houses are enclosed, without any windows on the external walls, and with a main entrance to the enclosed buildings with in the compound.It may be noted with caution the courtyard is typical of Indian homes and the source or origin of courtyard homes are still not yet established.
These Chinese architectural layouts designs provided privacy for the family and security from thieve. The courtyard houses created a protection for the family life from the outer world.
Chinese artifacts made the wall and entrances with traditional religious symbols and marking or family stamps were typical of Chinese architectural house styles.
Chinese home had family awards and pride displayed in the center of the house to see, much similar to the Japanese display of family artifacts.
Chinese hardware for door entrance were designed specially to ward off the evil spirits away. This is a way to keep save the people residing in such quarters.
Pre modern Chinese homes held much in common among both rich and poor Chinese people; they used similar techniques, such as foundations of pounded earth, timber framing and brick and tile facades. Though there are regional variations–China is a very big country, after all–and few houses from ancient China remain, scholars have isolated basic principles of traditional Chinese architecture. These centuries-old principles include emphasizing the orientation of the house, the layout of rooms, and the importance of symmetry.
Chinese house design requires that the front of the house faces south. This tradition stretches far back in time, as archaeologists have found evidence of many rectangular houses with a door facing south from the Neolithic era in China.
The oldest Chinese houses that are still extant date from the Ming dynasty (1368 to 1644 C.E.) also tend to face south, as do later houses. The north-south orientation of Chinese houses, outside of issues related to sunlight, probably had much to do with wind direction (colder winds generally blow in from the north).
The importance of orientation eventually developed into the Chinese architectural theory known as feng shui. Feng shui literally means “wind and water” and its concepts dictated the placement of rooms dedicated to certain activities, as well as the types of materials used in buildings. Designing a house according to feng shui concepts was thought to direct beneficial energy to the household.
Foundation and Roofs
Most Chinese houses had pounded earth foundations. Builders pounded dirt and soil into the shape of a foundation or into bricks. Earth was also used for the walls in areas where wood was rare.
Traditional Chinese houses had roofs made of clay tile. However poorer households in certain areas made roofs of thatch and bamboo.
In areas with enough wood to make its use affordable, builders used wood to frame house walls and provide roof support. The wood framing system was standardized during the Ming dynasty, and while ordinary people could often do much of the rest of their house construction, they often had to hire experts to construct the framing.
In the study of traditional Chinese house architecture, the consideration of wood framing is important. In Chinese architectural theory, the basic building block of a building is “the space between,” or the bay; that is, the space defined by the vertical posts that support the roof.
Prepared by Net Zero Energy Architect Perumal Nagapushnam