Why pay for Eco Biodiversity in building design and city planning? controlling Zika  and air pollution control

Prepared by Architect Perumal Nagapushnam
website: http://www.sda-architect.com/

The loss of Eco Biodiversity at an alarming rate all over the world ,was of a major concern in the Convention on Biodiversity, held in  Nagoya, Japan 2010.Most countries have signed an agreement to comply with the Nagoya biodiversity agreement , which was intended to help reduce the global weather changes that are rapidly occurring. But less that 10% of the countries that have signed to protect the flora and fauna has kept the promises.

Free Disaster house

Eco Biodiversity in our environment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is Eco Biodiversity? It is the diversity of flora, fauna and its habitats in the vegetation of our forest, rural and urban environment, in which we live  constitutes Eco Biodiversity. This diversity in the green spaces or soft landscape  is often found missing in the urban development, all that we see is the Mountain Cliff  type of buildings and the green in the urban  parks are in the likes of the green of the Savannah of Africa. The homogenous type of trees and grass is affecting the well-being of our environment and in this article, we are addressing the benefits for Eco Biodiversity of these greens in the urban area:

  • Psychological well-being- the overall well-being of occupants are tremendously improved in an environment that has biodiversity in design consideration.
  • Property values .There is an increase in the Property values as shown in studies  conducted in the UK , that water features, well-landscaped areas , ponds or view of landscaped areas, contributed to an increase of property values from 5%-34%. (CABE Space 2005).In Singaporean case where the city planners decide to go for Greening, the city experienced a notable hike in property values. At a building level apartments such as the Kampung Warisan Condominium, Jalan Jeletek was landscaped in a vernacular traditional village style noted an increase of rentable apartments.
  • Air Purification  .The air bore pollution is filtered and neutralized. Air is scrubbed off the pollutants such as Nitrogen dioxides, sulfur dioxide , Carbon mono dioxide by the trees, shrubs where the air is freshened. The dirt dozens -air pollutants are sequestered, referred to a gaseous sequestration. The dust is removed from the air is by ionizing the air with clean air. The air bore particles are ionized and are brought down to the ground, thereby cleaning the air. The UN reports that the air pollution is a leading killer.one in 8 persons in the world will die of premature death. The air pollution cost US250billion due to premature deaths in the world. Trees scrub the air clean. Bio diversity is a solution to keeping the environment clean.
  • More oxygen .More oxygen is introduced into the air , which is suitable for growth, speedy recovery of the stressed mind and helps the resilience of the injured mind and body. It was found in research that the lack of oxygen in the air increases the tendency to commit suicide. Certain shrubs such as bamboo are said to produce more oxygen into the air that other plants are considered very healthy and good for the environment.
  • Water Purification. The rainwater runoffs are purified. Rainwater is run off into bios-vales, Bio SUDS or eco cells and eco-stairs where rainwater is purified before discharging into the water streams, ponds or below the ground water tables.Water that gets to the underground water tables is cleansed by vegetation grown in the bio swales and eco cells before emitting them into the grounds.
  • Heat island effect .The elimination of Heat island effect, which affect the microclimate amelioration through direct shading and evaporative cooling. The air is warmer by the lack of vegetation by the removal of trees or turned grounds. The objects such as concrete, road pavements absorb heat and radiate heat it at night. This effect alone to an increase of temperatures by 4 degrees C according to research done in some areas. The emitters of waste heat to the environment are: Humans metabolism contributes to 8% of the waste heat, buildings contribute to 60% and the motor vehicles contribute to 32% of the waste heat to the environment.(Smith et al 2009)
  • Controlling the Zika Pest .Control of Pest species, such as bats feed on the mosquitoes, owls eating the rats. The ecological cycle of animals should be maintained. The removal of birds and bats as they may seem to be a pest for urban areas will cause the increase of mosquitoes and rat infestation. The presence of owls helps to stop the proliferation of rats, but in the first place owls need an ecological environment to live in, in some countries owls were let out to the trees but they soon died out as the habitat for owls were not suitable. In Singapore the attempt to green the city was somewhat a good attempt to save the city but the fruits and flower that draws birds were limited to discourage the presence of birds because of  their droppings and nesting of birds in the urban areas. But this led to an increase of mosquitos and pests which then has to be countered by spraying chemicals which affects the waterways and quality of water.Singapore in recent years has been Singaporeans again inflicted with dangerous Zika virus carried by Mosquitoes. The spread of Zika in Singapore was exceptionally fast and caused fear and discouragement among Singaporeans. The control of Zika would have been a lot easier if the Bats, birds did the job of controlling the Zika Pest. Again Singapore once again proves to the world the need for biodiversity against the fight of Zika.Pu
  • Air quality- As the air quality is improved, as a direct consequence of improved health. As most illness related to respiratory illness are reduced and have an increase health conditions of occupants as vegetation scrubs the air of the dirty dozens and air particles. Air particulates causes health issues such as lung problems and its related health problems.
  • Productivity and reduced Absenteeism- According to findings in a research such as (Elzeyadi, 2011). This increases and improves productivity by the decrease sick leaves when potted plants were located with the workspace and it had a direct relationship to improved productivity and reduced absenteeism (Elzeyadi, 2011).
  • Stress Resilience- It has been found in research that beds in hospitals that had the good view of scenic view had patients recovered by 30% faster and thereby decreasing 30% intake of medication. Well landscaped view have an effect of our general health conditions with respect to stress recovery that we are subjected too, in the modern workplace.
  • Education -The education of the local species to the local communities by demonstrating the planting of local species in the local areas. The awareness of plants and benefits are preserved with bio diversity.
  • Energy BILL LOW-A green living roof, will insulates the building by reducing the diurnal temperatures from a typically non green roof from 50deg C to 3 deg C during winters. And during summers the roof will insulate the heat into the building. By smart landscaping the temperatures will be reduce the temperatures  by a great range of 50%. Read smart landscaping.
  • Carbon Negative– As we plant more trees and vegetation increasing the( increasing the diversity of the flaura , fauna and habitat) biodiversity, we help to improve the carbon footprint and tends to carbon negative as in the case of Bhutan. The vegetation help to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide and gasses{methane} that destroy the environment by sequestering them within the vegetation. And thereby helping to reduce the carbon emitted to the atmosphere and thereby improving the Carbon Footprint. As tree are grown the carbon is sequestered by the trees and the soil, for instance an acre of forest sequesters about 110metric tonnes of CO2 per year. The Wetlands sequesters 300 tonnes of CO2 per year. The world emits  a 2.6  Giga tonnes of CO2 every year which is causing the unabated flooding , global warming and weather change that is affecting lives all over the world. The carbon footprint can be offset by eco biodiversity and neutrality in the world can be obtained by planting diverse trees. the world can be restored to its natural state. The world average temperature is to be brought down to 2 degrees C- to restored to the temperatures of the pre-industrial days. Visit our seminar on Net Zero Carbon Emission which delves more on this aspect with respect to designing building for Net Zero Emissions. Building are one of the major contributors to Carbon emission in the air.

This is where we there is an application for biodiversity and green designs in buildings and cities by using ecological considerations in design, the biometrics of nature are to be incorporated into our environments, such as in nature there is no waste. Unlike nature, we Humans are wasteful ,we dispose of domestic waste by tons every day, into nature destroying the water. The spider eats its own web as a way to minimize waste, the humans dispose of much of construction waste into the environment that in some countries there are no more spaces left to dispose of the domestic waste in the landfills.

We as Architects are designers for the safe environment using ecological design consideration, biometrics, bio grids,ecological cycles. Call us a discussion into how we may be of help to you to save the environment in your site plans or building designs.

Attend our seminar of Net Zero Carbon Emission, see how eco bio-diversity helps the environment by sequestering the Carbon and scrubs the air of pollution and Green house gases from the air. It helps achieve Net Zero Emission status for development.

CLICK HERE TO Book online for seminar of Net Zero Carbon Emission, See you there in KL.

Green ecohouse floor plans

Green and Sustainable House floor Plan

 

Check our our Green and Sustainable house floor plans at Click here

Carbon Trading

Green architect

 Prepared by Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

Eco Biodiversity, ecological considerations . eco-diversity in city planning, ecological imperatives, Green architect, Green Sustainability Architect, Hyper Green, urban planning

Whoever Pay for their Monthly Electric Bills, this days!-Net Zero Energy Resort

Net Zero Energy Building Designs Prepared by Net Zero Energy Building Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

With the advent of technologies and special designs, the days when the electric bill stresses you up are of the far past. Whoever even pays for their Monthly Electric Bills this day! Not with Net Zero Energy Building Designs at your door steps. In this article, we will show that even large scaled projects such as Net Zero Energy Resort in Bentong have been designed for the Zero Net Energy.We will discuss the principles we used to achieve a Net Zero Energy Building for our resort.This Net Zero Energy Resort is the first of its kind in the world.

Net Zero Energy Building Technologies have made it possible to minimize paying the monthly bills. Yes! minimize electric bills to zero electrical bill. Yes, but what’s  the catch!It  is the averages sum of what you pay over the time of 1 year, is zero. There are months where you pay a small electric bill and there are months you produce more electricity that what you consume and you receive cash which brings your yearly average bill to zero.

A building owner pays an electric bill of USD200, 000 per month for one of his many outlets. If he was wise he could pay zero .Many like this building owner, feel that this is misnomer and a myth. Others think sure! all you have to do is to have spent a bomb on Photo voltaic panels and you are getting the zero bills. No!!!! That is not, what we mean…by Net Zero Energy Building Design. The principle is elucidated here, keep reading.

When you order for a cold chocolate drink in a food outlet. In most cases the chocolate, hot water, milk, sugar is mixed well enough and solid ice is added to chill up the drink. There is a sheer waste of energy  and in Net Zero Strategies in preparing for a cold drink with avoid using hot water see the diagram below. The wastage can amount to 75% in most cases.

Net Zero Energy Strategies

Net Zero Energy Design reduces the waste in our electric bill.

Net Zero Energy StrategiesNet Zero Energy Resort

The Net Energy Design strategy is making your building more energy efficient. Less wasteful and recycle the waste whenever possible.

  • Firstly by keeping the heat out of your building by orientating the building, minimizing the surface expose to direct heat and provide sufficient shading for the building. These wills reduce the electric cooling bill by 20%.
  • Smart landscaping will help reduce consumption, read https://www.firstenergycorp.com/content/customer/help/saving_energy/trees.html
  • Secondly by using energy saving systems, monitoring sensors and other systems the energy is reduced by 20% savings.of energy.
  • Thirdly the daylight harvesting we can reduce the energy bill by 15% of the bills, Imagine the amount of lighting levels needed for comfortable reading is 400lux, and in broad mid-day light, the amount light available is about 140,000lux . All we need to harvest a small light for consumption.Modern light fittings enable the light transfer from the external spaces to deep interiors to light up spaces
  • enabling control systems such as motions sensors, light sensors etc will further reduce energy bill.
  • Controls in the air conditions systems will help to reduce the energy bill bu 15% of the total bills
  • Electrical light fitting layouts will also reduce the energy consumption
  • High-performance systems and equipment will help reduce the consumption, such as pumps,
  • Sub-metering helps to review the energy consumption patterns and energy consumption is managed
  • Many other strategies on minimizing heat flow into the building and by effectively insulating the building from gaining heat are studied using software such as Ecotect, Vasari, Design studio, one is able to elevate the materials to be used to effective reduce the heat gain or heat loss and thereby reducing energy consumption.

Renewable Energy

Wind turbine

Wind turbine renewable energy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Renewable energy that may be available in varied forms in the locality. The types will depend on the region:
1.)Where there is a waterfall ,
using a mini-hydro Hydro electricity may be tapped ,
2.)The wind energy may be tapped if the winds are strong in this region,
3.)The solar energy may be tapped if the sky is clear often by using PV panels.
4.)Biomass energy may be obtained if there were biomass waste in the region, such as sewerage waste, domestic waste,oil palm waste. these waste can be converted into renewable energy.
5.)Geothermal energy may be harvested, if the heat from the ground beneath, may be close to the surface of the site.
These renewable energies which are characteristic of the area will be created at the site  making the building energy efficient, This is how a building will finally become net zero in cost or consumption. The data of renewable energy for the most parts of the would are available from many climatic sources in the world wide web or sold by Climate and Weather Governmental Departments.These data will be imputed into computer software to calculate the amount of energy that is available from these renewable sources.

 

 

mono and poly PV Panels

All this sounds very simple but in the context of large buildings, one has to simulate the building in the computer(energy model) to evaluate the energy consumption for confirmation of the energy consumption before proceeding to the construction.

Net Zero Energy Resort

It is now becoming viable for projects of large scale to be designed for Net Zero Energy , such as Pertamina Tower , 99 levels building in Indonesia and Royal Bentong Cultural Resorts in Malaysia( of which we are the Net Zero Energy Architects). Previously it was envisaged that it is was viable only small scaled projects and this has been proven wrong with the advent of sophisticated software and technologies.

This also refereed to Zero Net Energy by the New York Times. Read and see how the future of Zero Net Energy is viable in the close  distant future even by the year 2020 in the cities of US.

Check our our Green and Sustainable House floor plans, click here.

Be in contact with us via our website for any clarification

Hyper Green architect

Green architect

 

 

 

 

Prepared by Net Zero Energy Building Architect Perumal Nagapushnam
System Design Architect

Website address: http://www.sda-architect.com

Wind Turbines

This is the energy that helped the pioneering Americans to conquer the frontier, where, every village and farm was dotted with a wind mill .
Wind energy is free and clean and available in abundance and created without having to burn fossil fuels or manufacturing process that damages the environment.

The estimated energy that can be harvested in the wind is 20million MW world wide according to World Metro logical Organization.

Advantages of wind energy:

a) It is clean and does not employ fossil fuel
b) It can be installed in great speed unlike hydro energy
c) It is cost less those solar or any other sources of energy. It is about 3 cents/kWh compared to 5cents for coal powered plants.
d) It is modular system and can be added upon
e) It does not depend on the sun and the time of harvest in not restricted to the day but wind may be harvested during the night and storm situations when there is wind. About 90% of the time the wind turbine can harvest energy. The minimum wind for wind to be harvested is getting lower, presently technology to harvest wind as low as 5m/s
f) The cost of wind energy does not depend on the prices of fossil fuel or the market forces.
g) It is 60% efficient compared to 20 to 40 % efficiency of Photo voltaic panels.

The offshore wind energy is becoming more popular in UK and in the US, the following are some of the projects:
1.)Thanet off shore wind farm
Total off shore wind energy off the US Atlantic has the potential to take off the fossil fuel by 30% total energy off the grid.
2.) Vatenfall off shore wind farm
The wind turbine in England supplies energy for 200,000 homes built for £780 m it has 100 no of turbines of 380ft over 35km2 , Vatenfall, a Sweddish company secured the project

3. Block Island Wind Farm
Google has scheduled to construct along the Atlantic ocean for deep sea wind turbines along a 35m transmission line to generate electricity for 17.000 households- Block Island Wind Farm will tap the enormous energy of the Atlantic coastal winds.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2015/07/27/a-milestone-for-wind-energy-work-underway-on-first-offshore-platforms-in-u-s-waters/
4. Wind farm in Yorkshire England
The world largest wind farm in Yorkshire England will provide energy for 2,000,000 households. English pounds 14.5bm. Wind farm, comprising of 100 turbines of 380m high {115m} and spanning over an area of 35km sq{13.5 sq mile}

Wind energy is proportionally related to the following factors:
a) Wind speed
b) size of wind blades
c) type of blade system
d) the height of the wind turbine

A modern wind turbine produces electricity 90% of the time, but it generates different outputs depending on the wind speed.
a turbine’s best efficiency is 40% at a wind velocity of 9 meters per second (about 20 mph), it will be 40% only at that wind speed. At all other wind speeds it will be something worse.

Consideration for design

The wind should be 5-8mph, the height of the wind turbine is be above the surrounding by 10m to receive unobstructed wind supply, the supply of wind is uncertain but is available during the night, cloudy days, when the PV panels don’t work, complementing with the PV solar panels as a Hybrid system, may be a good consideration as they compliment each other. Location of site near the sea coast will make wind turbines a more viable option by the strong wind

Some interesting facts
The amount of energy the world needs is 155,500TetraWatt per Hour, which is 155.5x1012KwH.

The amount of energy the earth received from the sun is 10.3x1017KwH which compared to amount of energy that is sent in not 1%, not 0.1% but 0.015% which is a pittance of a proportion. Conclusive is to say that this calls for a case of renewable energy, if we could tap the energy from the sun, the energy we consume is hardly anything to think off in comparison to the environmental damage we create by fossil fuel. The energy of the sun is used for converted into wind, wave, movement of air and the vegetation in it.

Moreover the amount of Geothermal energy available in the US , according to a report produced in Harvard ,is sufficient to supply the US’s energy for 2000 years.

Hyper Green architect

Green architect

 

 

 

 

Prepared by Architect Perumal Nagapushnam
System Design Architect
http://www.sda-architect.com/

Interlocking retaining-wall

Garden Interlocking retaining-wall

Retaining walls

The basic function of retaining wall is to retain the earth slopes by 90 degrees “slope,”

whereas the earth natural has sloping sides naturally ,self retaining at 30 to 60 degrees, the slope depends on the property of the spoil.

reposing of slope and retaining walls principles

reposing of slope and retaining walls

Principles and Terminology

The function of the retaining wall is to retain the earth vertically rather than let the earth lie in its natural slope ranging from 0 degrees slope to 60 degrees. If the profile of slope is created by cutting the slopes of the earth the slopes angles may even be about 60 degrees. If the ground are hard the profile may be even 90 degree vertical, but unfortunately not all ground are made of solid rock, there for a retaining wall serves the purposes of creating a vertical wall.

*For slopes that are created by filling of the earth, the slope may be 45 degrees to 30 degrees. Again this slope has to do with the character and properties of the earth.

Retaining wall

Typical Retaining wall

 retaining wall details

concrete retaining wall details

Design Considerations

The retaining walls helps to resist the overturning, slipping of the earth. In designing the retaining walls, the following considerations will have to be considered:

  1. Nature and type of soil
  2. Height of the retaining walls
  3. The type of material the retaining wall is constructed off( eg concrete, timber shoring, steel shoring, stone walls, brick walls , keystone walls, etc
  4. The amount of water flow, or water content in the soil. The water table height is necessary as this will increase lateral pressure on the retaining walls

Types of retaining walls

There are about 5 types of retaining walls, namely:

1.Brick retaining walls

Wall constructed using brick wall, such as drainage, or wall which are cement rendered with stucco or rough finishes to create a special effect externally.

2.Concrete walls

Walls that are constructed using concrete, the height of these wall can be high, the only set back using this walls are the cost of construction and the spaces needed for shoring when constructing these walls is much as it goes higher,

3.Timber walls

The walls are usually used for gardens and is restricted to low walls only and if the ground conditions has a high water table the water may not be good for the wall durability.

Garden timber retaining wall

Timber retaining wall

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. Pre-cast crib retaining walls

crib retaining-wall

crib retaining-wall details

Crib wall are easy to construct and as it is pre-cast, there is no curing time and constructed with great speed and great heights. The low crib walls are also some time decorative and useful for gardens.

structural walls Gabion retaining wall

Gabion retaining walls

4. Gab-ion walls

Walls that are constructed with a foundation, and gab-ion cages made of gi mesh is filled with rubble stones, and for garden walls the colored stones are filled within the cages and hence it become decorative in nature.

 

 

 

 

 

Gabion retaining wall green w

Green Gabion wall

5.Steel wall, sheet piling walls

shoring earth

Sheet Pile for shoring earth

Sheet pile are driven into the ground to shore up the earth, usually used temporarily for construction of concrete wall or trenches, laying pipes etc, in some instances the sheet piles may be left as a permanent feature.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.Geo-textile walls

Wall are constructed using the geo textile materials, the wall is created by wrapping the earth by the edges of the wall in layers and the geo-textiles sheets while holding the edges of the wall, also anchors the earth from slipping.

Geo- textile walls by Tencate

Tencate Geo- textile walls

These wall can get to 20 to 60 feet high or even more if it is staggered, and these wall can be hydro seeding with grass to create a green wall. The geo textile material are anchored into the earth as to anchor the slope from slipping.

7.Green walls ,architectural designs

These walls are decorative in nature but may be used as thermal insulating wall on buildings, where the theme is eco green buildings or eco green homes.

green walls

beautiful green wall

green images

green images

interior green wall

green wall

green walls 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

block retaining wall
Garden block retaining wall details

 

Site Analysis for Net Zero Energy and Green Building

Net Zero Building building site analysis

Green building site analysis

 

In carry our a site analysis the following considerations should be considered:

  • North direction- Solar Path

The North directions should be established for the site, as this will help the analysis of the solar path. This will help to study which of the side of the building is heated up and which part of the building need special insulation.

The setting sun during summer is the part that needs treatment (insulation or louvers shading for window). It is necessary to avoid the suns heating sun to fall on the wall as the heat is thermally conducted into the building. Winter setting sun is desirable as the heat gain is necessary to keep the building warm. In fact this is the side where a Trombe wall is placed to keep the building warm during winter.

The solar path is easily studied by using software’s such as sketch up and Revit’s Vasari and Rivet’s Ecotect or Design Studio. These soft-wares will help evaluate where sun is setting, but some of these soft wares evaluates the relatively hottest part of the building and even the amount of energy required for a specific model designed. And the solar path with these soft wares combined will help make design decisions.

 

  • Wind direction for Net Zero Energy and Green Building

The direction of the wind s and the   strength of the wind and the season of the winds will help you to understand for the following design considerations.

  1. Direction of winds can use in the cooling of corridors and courtyards and public spaces.
  2. Strength of the winds if is beyond 5m/s can be used to generate renewable energy for the clean energy in place of energy from fossil fuels.
  3. Obstruction to the use of winds sources have to be identified.

 

  • Thermal energy potential sources for  Green Building

Sources of renewable energy should be identified, such small streams, geothermal sources or wind energy and potentials for photo voltaic sources of energy.

  1. a) A small stream could generate hydro- electricity through out the day.
  2. b) Proximity to geo thermal ground can be used as a source for energy for building through out the day.
  3. c) The photo voltaic energy is limited to use only when the sun is visible, without clouds in the sky and not available at night.
  • The topography of site for Net Zero Energy and Green Building

The topographical features of the site is necessary such as the contours, valleys, slopes, cliffs, the locations of streams, the main roads entrances façade views and other features that may be potentially an advantage to the site. Connections of utilities such as telephone connections points, water supply connections, sewerage connections points and power connections points.

 

  • Vistas and view for Green Building

The location of good panoramic view and potential vista creations from the drive in and main entrances should be noted for designing purposes. The setting sun, rising suns in the morning views, or view of the beach, mountains or night views of the cities are the features you may want to look out for and if available they need to be identified.

 

 site analysis for Green building

view of site analysis for Green building

  • Adverse situations- smell, harsh winds for  Green Building

The harsh wind during the winter season should be diverted from the building using landscapes or wall, cold wintry winds can conduct the heat away from the building and this will cause the energy bill to escalate.

Forest in the Office AIr Quality conceptIf the site has poor air quality  especially if the site is confronting a busy main road , that eco-green architect would consider ways for the poor air quality to be scrubbed clean so that air quality is maintained. the ecological parts of the site could be maintained for air to be processed. read on why green design can process the air by ionizing the air and removes the dust in   the air and remove air pollutants such as the dirty dozens.

Prepared by Green Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

http://www.sda-architect,com/

The 50 men who can save the world by Green ecological strategies

Haze in Singapore

Can Green and Sustainability strategies solve the Haze in Singapore and Indonesia

The Guardian on the 5th Jan 2008 published the 50 people who can save the planet earth and justified why they could save the world.  In  this  article  I  would  like  to  review  the  flawed  sensibility  of  that  article  published  by  The  distinguished  Guardian   focused on the Green ecological strategies  that could save the world as a watered down review of the serious matter. Six reasons reasons why this  is so.

1)Green ecological strategies

Firstly the people listed were mostly those who championed the green  ecological strategies to avoid the  destruction of  the world such as loss of trees,melting of the  icebergs, Green ecological Architect, extinction of whales , tigers  in  the  Eco  system and  the Eco city planned by English engineer.

The basis of argument forged seems presumptuous and shallow. In fact a reputable newspaper should not have attempted a shallow major undertaking of such without responsibilities.As these articles has been often quoted as if they were truth.

2)No Proof of global warming in Green ecological strategies

As of today the weather changes and the causes global warming caused by CO2 emission is still a not a establish fact, Scientists are divided on this matter and some has suggested the weather changes is another grandiose hoax.The reasons for deluge of calamities, inundating floods, disaster , diseases etc have never be connected to as a divine messages from divinity for the human discordance with divinity, was never considered or even trying to establish the reasons by scientific means of the reasons for the global issues. At least or perhaps   was  the  Guardian  should  have  attempted  to  establish the  facts by convergence of scientist instead choose to select  Hollywood ;s  Leonardo  Di  Caprio  sudden  awareness  of  the ecological disaster .

3.) Qualified men but no clout in Green ecological strategies

Thirdly the world cannot be saved by some burst of exuberance for Green ecological strategies of  some  unheard  school  child  raising funds ( USD7,600) of  the  extinction  of  tigers  in  India  or  African  Minister  preaching  the  planting  of some ten thousands of planting of trees or a Civil Engineer following a design brief , which in the first place which was not even his ideas but of the Chinese officials to building an Eco city in China and  as  if  the  prototype  city ,  will  take  be  an  example for all the world.For   now the success of the Eco city has yet to even been proven.

4.)Men of Green ecological strategies who have spurious agendas

Fourthly men such as the spurious Al Gore who made riches out of the global warming agenda, Leonardo Di Caprio who had a reputation for ecological destruction of a beach for the show The Beach, Green ecological architect Ken Yeang ”who has not arrived yet” of what he preaches  or an Indian school boy who raised USD7.600  and men who preach savings carbon emission but live a hypocrite luxurious heavy carbon foot print -are  be  able  to  influence  the  world  to  bring  the  changes   in  the  global  weather  changes . Do these men covered with deception and falsehood have sufficient clout to bring changes which may have no eventual  effect.

5.)Multi faceted strategies in multi faceted Green ecological strategies

Fifthly the Green ecological strategies  solutions  seems  is  the  only  solutions  to  save  the  world  from  its  impending  dangers. Should not there be a multi faceted combinations of many strategies ranging collaboratively from the sciences, computer technologies, ecological,engineering, urban planning, architectural ,innovations and modern technologies that will bring s solutions to our problems.

No one person or knowledge, skill or group will have sufficient clout to save the world, for instance the Indian had knowledge of the atom for thousands of years but thus singular body of knowledge was not sufficient to save the Indians from famines, hungers, floods and destruction they endured for many years. As such no  one  single  knowledge  is  able  to save   humanity and  no  ecological  strategies  alone  is  able to  save  the  destruction  that  is  so  imminent .It  takes  a  combine effort and combined human effort- the Net Zero Energy architects, Net Zero Energy town and urban planers, the ecologist, the environmentalist, the engineer, the innovation, scientist,medical discoveries, the financial systems, the bankers, the builders, every groups of peoples to come together to be aware of the failures and ring the changes in a concerted effort.

6.)Prejudiced Facade of Green ecological strategies

Finally the article indicates that that only 5 men from the US were qualified , as if this really mattered if it where these men were from, but it seems to matter most in this article matters it was a form of  whipping the US.for such a pitiable performance.. The whole article seems like a prejudiced facade .

Perhaps we can learn a lesson or two from the American Founding Fathers seeking in prayer.[1] for divine help after weeks of not being able to solve the constitution , they sought to prayer and all have attested o the fact they had received divine help. The leaders of the world could do this, humbling enough to find access to the above and find a solution to our problems. After all is it not that the 1% of inspiration of the 99% perspiration that constitutes a genius.

Even if divine help is not reachable, the disasters can be sustainable not alone by Green and sustainable solutions  but by our preparedness for the worst.And our only survival will also depend on how we are self reliant , not dependence on the utility companies or ecologist for saving the world, but our own preparedness for survival, we should be self reliant.  Where  w e  are  organically  dependent ,  which  is  Net  Zero  energy  strategies,  off  the  grid,  self reliant of water supply from the utility companies, Independence of waste water and sewerage disposal ). This should apply to us a building or as a city.Our cities should be Net Zero Cities, every building should be Net Zero Energy Building

 

.[1] Max Farrand, The Records of the Federal Convention of 1787 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1911), Vol. I, pp. 450-452, from James Madison’s Notes on the Convention for June 28, 1787.

 

Prepared by Net Zero Energy Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

http://www.sda-architect.com/

 

Net Energy Building for Office Tower

Models for Net Zero Energy Buildings are used by  Net Zero Architects to calculate the amount of energy saving in the schematic stages of the design, which then are  used as a basis of energy  design control through out the design implementation stages.The model is a 3-D electronic model of a building, it is also a simplified model without much details of the building, which will help calculate the calculation intentions. It is refereed as a shoe box model. There are many types of models used in designing a Net Zero Energy Building design.There are 11 types of Energy Model, which are:

1.) Heat Transfer model for Net Zero Energy Buildings in House Floor Plans
Model show that show how the heat is transferred from the outside to the interiors of the building architectural floor plans.
2.) Lighting model for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
Model showing how the day light penetrates top the interiors of the building and it helps Architect to design the light fittings in the building architectural layout outs.
The study of a the lighting levels through out the day would show the amount of light derived from the sun into the building and it helps the Net Zero Energy Buildings Architects to design the additional lighting need ed to make the building sufficiently lighted up.
The amount of light that can be daylight harvested can also be studied, note the amount of light lux derived from the sun is about 100,000-140,000 lux in comparison to what is needed in the office space is only a merger 400lux, the potentials of day light harvesting has to be considered seriously in the light of the current worldwide needs.
3.) BIM Model-Building Information Model for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
A digital computerized model, which has information about clashes of the architectural and engineering elements, it provides information about costing, and when plug-in with time project management time line program, we are able to produce the physical model developing over the time line of the builder. The model can be used to study the thermal heat, energy model and total embodied energy of the building architectural plans. This is a great tool for architects and project management consultants.
4.) Energy Model  for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
–A simple model used for computerized computation of the energy usage in the building for every month or per year based on the climate conditions, and the building insulation and orientation for buildings. A designing tool, which is helpful to Net Zero Energy Buildings Architects in  choosing the mass proportion and selection of materials.
5.) Wind Model for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
– A simple model used for computerized computation of the direction of the wind into the building based on the openings of the buildings. It will help Net Zero Energy Buildings Architects to decide where openings shall be created to enable wind to be harvested.
6.) CFD-for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
Computerized Fluid Dynamics is a study of the flow of air in  a  building, where the direction is established and the comfort is designed and it is a tool for Net Zero Energy Buildings Architects to remove impediments to comfort. It helps the architects to design buildings of how the heated air flows, how the ventilation of air flows throughout the building.
7.) Massing and Study Model for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
-a model used by Net Zero Energy Buildings Architects to evaluate the proportion, the shape , bulk , form aesthetics and how the form affects the environment.
8.) Thermal Model for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
– a model which reveal the sides of the building, where is heated up during the day. With the Thermal model the building designer may be able to decide how the building may be treated or insulated to keep the thermal heat from entering in to the building.
9.) Solar Path Model– for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
The path of the sun through out the year, and how it affects the building’s shadow and how it affects the sun’s rays into the window openings and show how the sun’s ray falls on the building and the building’s shadows is cast and how the neighboring building’s shadow affect the building that is being designed.
10.) Ventilation Model– for Net Zero Energy Buildings  in House Floor Plans
The study of wind and movement of air within the building

Contact us for your NZEB designs..we will be able to help you in the interest to secure the building in being less independent to the energy utility companies.check out our house floor plans.

Prepared by Net Energy Architect Perumal Nagapushnam, Green Architect of http://www.sda-architect.com/