How to Build Log Houses

In building a Log House, you need the a strong foundation,following that you need to build the Sill Logs and lastly ensure the Logs are anti-termite treated.

A)Foundation

On hard ground where bedrock is close to the surface, buildings usually require only a minimum foundation.Good rock base is a foundation by itself and poor ground conditions such as muddy ares make poor ground conditions and the foudnation need to increased. There are many types of foundations such as Per Foundation ,Slab Foundation,Perimeter Foundation,Basement Foundation,Perimter Foundations,Footing Foundations etc.

The  Types of foundation used in a Log house:

1– Pier foundation:

Its the simplest and least expensive, where concrete or flat stones are mortared or laid dry.

2– Slab Foundation:

The Slab Foundation for a home plan is a simple kinds of foundation where a concrete slab is used as the foundation.Slab foundations are like a raft that floats in the water. It is also called Raft foundation. The rafts foundation keep the house float in a soft ground.

3- Perimeter Foundation for a house floor :

It is made from concrete, concrete blocks, or sometimes stones. Follow the architectural Floor Plan very closely with respects to the dimensions as this will cause the finishes to look tardy, if it is not correctly followed. The ceiling lines, the tiles finishes and the wall straightness will appear tardy if the dimensions of the Log House floor plans are not strictly followed.

4- Full Basement Foundation:

This is the most complicated type of foundation, Its made of poured reinforced concrete or concrete blocks.
 Note: Regardless what type of foundation is chosen a proper footing is needed to be placed slightly below the frost levels.

How to make the foundation for a log house?

Step One: Establish the Boundaries.

1-Establish the exact outside boundaries of your home using a 2”x2” stakes, nails & a rope.

2- Make one end of each stick sharp to be able to drive it into the ground easily.

3-After placing the sticks hammer a nail into the upper center of each stake

4-Once the stakes are placed in position use a rope and connect it to the nails on top of each stake

5-Once three stakes are connected you will able to outline an approximate 90 degree between two walls.

6-Make sure that the angle between the two walls is a perfect 90 degree angle using a triangle with proportions of 3:4:5

Step Two: Erect Batter Boards:

1- The batter board is made by driving 2″x4″ stakes into the ground in an L shape around the corners

2- Nail, a 1”x4’ or 1”x6” batter board, to the stakes to create a right angle and it have to be set back at least 4 feet from the outline stakes and the height is minimum 18″

3- Make sure all batter boards have been installed on all corners at the correct height.

4- Tie weight to builder’s string and drop them over the tops of the batter boards and drop a plumb bob where the two strings cross.

5-Make sure the plumb bob falls exactly on the nail head in the corner stakes this locates the outside boundary of your foundation.

6- Use the same method to locate the inside boundary but by deducting the width of the proposed foundation.

B)How to Build Log Houses– Perimeter Foundation & Full Basement Foundation

Perimeter Foundation:

  • It can be made of concrete, concrete blocks or concrete faced with stones.
  • If made of concrete it can be Single pour and Double Pour (footing and foundation).

Single Pour Footing/Foundation:

  • It’s not used as much as the separately poured footing and foundation.
  • However it simplifies the task and cut down on time.
  • Lay out the outside dimensions of the footings, the wall thickness and outside boundary of the wall on the batter boards using the house floor plan.
  • Then position the builder’s string to show the dimensions.
  • Excavate the footing and construct the forms.
  • Bring All Service pipes in below the footing and frost line before pouring the footing.
  • Make sure any low spots under the edge of the footing are filled with stones

Double Pour Footing/Foundation:

  • The footing is usually poured separately from the foundation.
  • If the soil is stable, the footing is poured directly in a trench dug without forms.
  • If the soil is less stable, forms must be constructed to hold the concrete in place.
  • The forms must be leveled by using the carpenter’s level and stones are used to fill up the holes around the form to keep the concrete from running out
  • If pouring without forms drive small wooden stakes into the soil at the bottom of the trench where their tops should be level with the height of the footing.
  • Pour the concrete and smooth more or less to the height of the stakes then pull the stakes out and fill the holes with concrete and smooth over.
  • Form a key in the footing to help hold the concrete foundation in place and it can be done by using a beveled 2”x4”. However in the tropical countries water stop is need to be added to prevent water seepage.
  • Reinforce the footing with two to three reinforcing bars spaced about 3”-4” off the bottom of the trench.
  • Make an inspection after the form for the footings are completed.

Pouring the Foundation for the House Plan:

  • After the footing has cured for 5-6 days the foundation can be formed.
  • Remove the footings forms and construct the form for the foundation.
  • Individual sections of forms should be nailed together from the outside.
  • Set up the outside forms first and level it by using the carpenter level and then do the same on the inside forms.
  • Higher and larger foundation walls should be poured slowly to allow the concrete enough time to set up.

Basement Foundation:

  • Basement foundation has the same fundamentals of the perimeter foundation however its has additional features such as:
    • Foundation drains.
    • Insulating the basement.
    • Basement floor.

Foundation Drain & Basement Insulation:

  • A drain should be placed around the foundation to help carry off excess water that collects at its base.
  • Put a 2” layer of gravel around the outside of the bottom edge of the footing.
  • Then put clay drainage tile or perforated plastic on top of this around the outside of the footing.
  • Throw from 2”-6” of gravel over the clay drainage to extend it up over the top edge of the footing by at least 2”.
  • If you need insulation for the basement, install 4” thick batts of rigid foam with moisture barrier below the concrete floor and on the gravel. It can be installed on the outside of the foundation wall as well.

Basement Foundation Floor:

  • Usually poured after the foundation forms are removed.
  • Before pouring the floor first position the drain as needed.
  • The floor drain should be ½” below the surface of the finished concrete floor.
  • Pouring basement floor should be done with a fast pace to prevent the concrete from setting up before you can get it all finished.

C.)How to Build Log Houses –Construction Lesson 1 (Sill Logs, Floor and Joints)

What are the Sill Logs?

Sill logs are the logs that rest directly on top of the foundation and its connected to it by the anchor bolts.

How to Choose Your Logs?

  • Just about any type of log can be used, as long as it’s relatively straight and it is around 8”-10” diameter.
  • It has only minor tapering no more than 2”. And the length for it is around 16 ft.
  • Conifers such as pine, fir, spruce and tamarack are preferred because these softwoods are workable, durable and relatively lightweight.
  • Hardwoods, particularly oak can also be used, though their sapwood is highly susceptible to infestation by borers and fungus.

Sill Logs:

  • After completing the foundation based on the house plan the work on the upper part of the house begins.
  • The first step in the house structure is to install the sill log on the floor plan
  • Note: this is an important part of the job because if the sills are not laid as mentioned in the house floor plan and if its not laid squarely and securely that might effect the whole structure.

Steps of Constructing the log house Sill Log.

  • If you don’t want a full basement, you must excavate the house plan dimension at least below the frost line, install footings and construct a wall up to 20 in. above grade level.
  • You must also install piers within the foundation walls as mentioned in the architecture plan to support the floor girder. Also, install anchor bolts along the top of the walls to attach the sill.
  • Begin floor construction by hewing or cutting flat the bottom of the sill logs.
  • Then make holes in the sill logs to fit in the anchor bolts and install sill sealer or a termite shield according to the local building code.
  • The corner joints are made by bottom notching the logs based on the house design.
  • Hew flat the top of the girder and install it over the support piers.
  • Join it to the sill with a mortise and tenon joint. Drive nails through the top of the tenon and into the mortise to complete the joint.

Steps of constructing the log house sill log and floor:

  • In a similar manner, hew or cut flat the top of the joists and install them between the girder and sill logs so they are flush with the top of the girder.
  • Install the sub flooring perpendicular to the direction of the joists. Now you’re ready to start on the walls as designed in the architecture plan.

Steps of constructing the log house wall joints:

  • Many different types of notches can be used to join the logs, but a good choice for the beginning log builder is the scribe, fit, round-notch method.
  • It features semicircular notches cut in the bottom of the logs to fit over adjacent logs. Also, a V-shaped groove is cut down the length of each log bottom so the entire length can sit flush on the log below.
  • Although this method is slower than others, the corner joints are self-draining-water running down the outside of the house hits the log tops and runs off, instead of being trapped in the notch.
  • The V-grooves also eliminate air drafts between the logs.
  • The joints between courses do not need chinking, so you can avoid one of the most chronic maintenance problems of log homes: repairing cracked chinking.

D.How to do Termite Treatment

Hello there this article will be discussing about the termites treatment which is one of the important aspects in construction. Termites are small, pale soft-bodied insects that lives in large colonies with several different castes, typically within a mound of cemented earth. Many kinds feed on wood and can be highly destructive to trees and timber While each termite species thrives in different climates and eats different types of food, all termites require four things to survive: food, moisture, shelter and optimal temperature. Unfortunately, all homes, regardless of their construction type, can provide these ideal conditions for termite infestation.

Before Construction

Treating termite before construction can help you defend against possible claims in the future. Where construction specification for several projects requires the protection for termite in their finishing’s. To help you in dealing with this problem this article will provide you with some tips that you must incorporate in your construction activities. Food and moisture resources around and inside home should be eliminated because termites are attracted towards moisture.

Where Are The Termites?

Termites are frequently living where there is a high concentration of moisture and dampness. In old houses these are frequent problems because they tend to live in obstructed or block water supply and sewerage pipes. Also there is evidence that inside wood products or decaying wood surfaces are high probability areas for a termite to live in where they end up actually eating wood and wooden products inside your house.

Pre Construction Chemical Treatment

Termite treatment in pre-construction stages includes few steps that must be done to ensure an area of termite-free construction.

Treating the soil before any slab placement with insecticides is the most common method of termite treatment. This will form a chemical barrier between ground slab and masonry that will prevent the insects to approach the building. The chemical treatment can be done as follow:

  • Before making the foundation the bottom and sides of excavation must be treated with chemical products.
  • make holes in the earth where slabs on grade will be built and fill them with chemical products.
  • Be sure to use chemicals where walls and floors intersect.
  • Treat the perimeter of the construction by making holes filled with chemicals all around the structure.
  • In pipe beddings fill an area with chemical products to secure the future of the piping.
  • Use specific anti-termite chemical to treat the portion of the buildings were wooden products such as cabinets, doors, among others, will be placed.

Post-construction termite treatment

We can’t be acting in the pre-construction chemical treatment all the time. Sometime termites are found after construction, so what can we do?

Start with an assessment of the entire area before starting any kind of treatment. A deep investigation will determine the extent of the damage, if any damage is found then determine the location of the termite, the access points to the structure and their spread in the area. The following tips should be kept in mind during chemical treatment.

  • As in the pre-construction process, make holes and filled them with chemicals, to create a barrier around the house.
  • Treat the floors and walls by drilling holes and filling them with chemicals. All walls or the vast majority of the walls have to be treated to ensure that no more spreading will continue.
  • Apply chemicals on all points of contacts of wood with the ground or with any part of the building.
  • The voids in masonry can be used with anti-termite treatment.
  • Change and replace wood products or furniture that have high impact and presence of termites, beyond any limit of reparation.

Precautionary measures

When all measurement are taken, perform these simple steps to ensure that your area keeps free of termites.

  1. Keep drains and gutters clean to avoid leakage Make sure that there are no blockage, filtration nor broken pipes with excess of moisture around them.
  1. Eliminate sources of moisture Do not leave unattended areas where there is a high concentration level of humidity. Clean those areas constantly to asure that it wont face the same problem again.
  1. Destroy termites Apply chemicals as soon as you detect areas where termites are being reunited to avoid the spreading of it.
  1. Remove Wood Products.Remove wood products that have had the presence of moisture or have been in contact with water for a long period of time.
  1. Eliminate the wood contact with the ground.Do not bury direct pieces of wood in the ground for any use to avoid the moisture from getting in it.
  1. Fill junctions or voids.If you notice some voids of open space between the building and the ground, act quickly and fill those areas to avoid termites getting in the house.

The Chemicals Used for the Treatment:

There are currently several general kinds of termite chemicals registered for soil treatment. All termite chemicals are effective for their intended purpose but the choice often boils down to toxicity and odour versus longevity and resistance to leaching. The water based termite chemicals do not contain solvents and are odourless. Some of the water based termite chemicals include Premis, Biflex Aqua and Termadore. The Premis is a chloro-nicotinyl type termite chemical and has a toxicity rating of S5. Premis termite chemical remains effective for atleast two years. The Biflex Aqua is a synthetic pyrethroid water based termite chemical with a toxicity rating of S6. Where its recomennded to do a re-treatment of termite treatment with Biflex Aqua after five years for maximum effectiveness. The Biflex Aqua gets binded very quickly and strongly to the soil particles and provides a best option where moisture movement in the soil is a factor.

Prepared and desinged  by: Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

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Benefits of Biodiversity in Green and Sustainable House Floor Plans

Green ecohouse floor plans

Benefits of Biodiversity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There is a moral duty to protect life, nature and take good care of our environment. There is no value to life and value to nature . Once we lose the biodiversity, we lose nature  and  life itself. Therefore the stewardship of nature and vegetation  is necessary  and  it accrues these  benefits. The benefits listed here ranges from:

-energy savings,
-improved carbon footprint,
-improved water footprint,
-better health,
-speedy recovery,
-less stressed mind,
-improved productivity,
-cleaner air and cleaner water,
-better control of pest such as mosquitoes,rodents & lowers maintenance.

These are the 20 Benefits of Biodiversity  that an Architect can incorporate in home designs elaborated here below:

1.Energy Saving Benefits

According to recent research,the Living Roof’s diurnal temperature is about 3 deg C. It was found the conventional roof diurnal temperature is 50 deg C for Green roof ( Living Roof). Furthermore if the facades is shaded with landscape the temperature fluctuation can be reduced by 50%.

 2. Reduce Carbon Emission Benefits

In a Green Development rich with Biodiversity, the  portable water consumption is reduced .Less consumption of portable water directly reduces the carbon footprint. In the UK,the carbon footprint for production of portable water is 2 million tons .Interestingly, 60% of water consumption is from the commercial development. The Green house Gasses are sequestered by the natural vegetation. The Pine forest and the tropical forest and every plants and trees sequesters the CO2. Green vegetation helps to reduce Carbon footprint. The world carbon budget is 500-1000 billion tons of CO2. Every year we are consuming and we are in a deficit .We are emitting too much of CO2. If we exceed the budget limit, the average temperature will be 2 deg more that the pre-industrial period.Until our ecological footprint is decreased, the budget will be busted. It is time to increase and manage the ecological forestation. It is time to increase of biodiversity of flora and fauna and habitats. This will help to save the planet earth.

3.Resilience to Drought

The environment in Biodiversity is more adaptive and more tolerance to drought conditions. In an adverse drought the diverse field are less affected as they support one another in adversity.They reserve water for resilience to harsh weather conditions.

4. Resilience to Diseases

The environment in Biodiversity increases the Resilience to Diseases. The vegetation,fauna and habitats are more tolerant, resistant to pest and virus attacks.Stronger protection against Pest Attacks  then as in a Mono-cultures such as in plantations. vegetable gardens, animal farms. The forest and nature does not need pesticides nor insecticides to fend itself against the persistent attacks by insects and pest. The Pest maintenance cost is reduced.

5.Increase Sustainability

 Fertilizers consumption in bio-diverse environment is less. Infact it may not be used at all. There is an increase in its Sustainability in compared to mono culture. In nature they are not watered, they are not treated with  pesticides or insecticides. They are self-sustaining and are more towards self-reliance.

6.Reduce Urban Heat

In a Bio diverse urban space, the overall temperature of the space is lesser. This phenomenon is obvious as one visit Singapore which is planned as green city and then visiting Malaysia. Although Singapore is closer to the equator than Malaysia. It will have a direct impact on the Energy consumption when the temperatures are lower. This is attributed to the heat island effect.

7.Psychological well being

 One of the definition of well being in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment is  by increase of connectivity to nature. Connectivity with nature such as cats, dogs, animals and nature calms the minds, reduces stress and helps the psychological well being. A Fishes in the aquarium help the calm the stressed mind .Likewise birds, dogs and butterflies does something to the human psychological well being.

8.Physical well being

Physical well being is improved as the air is cleaner with lesser dust and dirty gases such as SO2,CO,NO2 etc. Biodiversity reduce the air particles and bring about cleaner air, which according to UN report- the air Pollution is a no 1 killer. Air pollution kills   1 in 8 of the deaths globally . Our lungs are choked with dust and pollutants which is a major cost to human lives.

9.Reduce the water footprint

In a bio-diverse environment the blue infrastructure is introduced and the water footprint is reduces. Grey water is converted to Green water by bio diverse SUDs.

 10.Recovery from illness

Faster Recovery from illness – Hospital Patients in rooms which had views to nature. Green infrastructure and Blue infrastructure helps in Patient’s recovery by 30% faster .Patients uses 30% lesser of medication. Therefore bio phallic designs in homes, offices and workplaces will have a like recuperative effect. The stresses, pressures of works and good health is associated with biodiversity.

11.Reduce incidence of illness

12.Reduction of Stress

Plants, natural forms, fishes in the home of a heart patients has a faster recovery when in a bio diverse environment. The natural movement of Fishes in bowl or a dog in the house brings a certain calmness and in connection with nature. It helps the nerves to calm down tremendously. And so does it does the same for butterflies, birds, sound of the bees in our gardens to enhance our stress reduction.Organic forms in nature is less stressful than squares , rectangles and cubes.

13 Suicidal Tendencies

The healthy air will have a direct effect of our health. Vegetation removes CO2 and introduces Oxygen. The lack of oxygen in the air has a higher tendency to commit suicide, This is the same for those living in high mountains. Vegetation will help to decrease this tendencies.Vegetation increases the oxygen in the air. Oxygen helps our body function well with regard to improved memory and speedier recovery.

14.Tolerance to pain

Greater tolerance to pain. those living in environment with diversity of environment has a greater tolerance to pain.

15. Reduced medicine

Reduced medicine intake is reduced.

16.Productivity

People sitting next to window views of vegetation has a greater enthusiasm to work, productivity. In an bio-philic approach to design of a new office, the exercise proof that the occupants increase in productivity by 20%.

17.Cognitive Tranquility

Potted plant placed in office spaces, view of beautiful scenes and siting by the windows helps are likely to  improves their  Cognitive Tranquility.-20% increased Reaction time to a task and reduction of blood pressures.Those sitting with views to plants or landscape scene , response faster to a situation.

18.Reduce Urban Heat

 In the Singaporean experience, Mr. Lee Kuan Yee stated that Singapore had an edge over it neighbors and competitors as the Green city Model. It was a more attractive proposition.The property has an Increase edge  over it competitors.

19.Corporate Image

Furthermore it may be noteworthy that corporate image is at stake if Green and sustainability issues are not addressed in their developments as they may be under the scrutiny of the public eye, which may surmount to boycotts and anti-campaigns, fines by Governments and may cause their license to be revoked, which disrupts the chain supply and damage to brand image. The Benefits of Biodiversity cannot be numerated economically in numbers but the well being of humanity is our responsibility.

20. Increase in Value of Property

It was noted that property which was Green Bio-diverse had more greater value than those that were not green bio-diverse.

Benefits of BiodiversityRichness in Eco-Biodiversity, the benefits are simply abundant

 Green and Sustainable House  Plans can reap these benefits of Biodiversity if design of Green are contrived well into the design.

Check out our Green and Sustainable House Floor Plans , Click here which has been designed for benefits of Biodiversity

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Abridged and enhanced by Ar Perumal Nagapushnam from the  Notes Designing for biodiversity: Productivity and Profit  by the British Council

Why pay for Eco Biodiversity in building design and city planning? controlling Zika  and air pollution control

Prepared by Architect Perumal Nagapushnam
website: http://www.sda-architect.com/

The loss of Eco Biodiversity at an alarming rate all over the world ,was of a major concern in the Convention on Biodiversity, held in  Nagoya, Japan 2010.Most countries have signed an agreement to comply with the Nagoya biodiversity agreement , which was intended to help reduce the global weather changes that are rapidly occurring. But less that 10% of the countries that have signed to protect the flora and fauna has kept the promises.

Free Disaster house

Eco Biodiversity in our environment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What is Eco Biodiversity? It is the diversity of flora, fauna and its habitats in the vegetation of our forest, rural and urban environment, in which we live  constitutes Eco Biodiversity. This diversity in the green spaces or soft landscape  is often found missing in the urban development, all that we see is the Mountain Cliff  type of buildings and the green in the urban  parks are in the likes of the green of the Savannah of Africa. The homogenous type of trees and grass is affecting the well-being of our environment and in this article, we are addressing the benefits for Eco Biodiversity of these greens in the urban area:

  • Psychological well-being- the overall well-being of occupants are tremendously improved in an environment that has biodiversity in design consideration.
  • Property values .There is an increase in the Property values as shown in studies  conducted in the UK , that water features, well-landscaped areas , ponds or view of landscaped areas, contributed to an increase of property values from 5%-34%. (CABE Space 2005).In Singaporean case where the city planners decide to go for Greening, the city experienced a notable hike in property values. At a building level apartments such as the Kampung Warisan Condominium, Jalan Jeletek was landscaped in a vernacular traditional village style noted an increase of rentable apartments.
  • Air Purification  .The air bore pollution is filtered and neutralized. Air is scrubbed off the pollutants such as Nitrogen dioxides, sulfur dioxide , Carbon mono dioxide by the trees, shrubs where the air is freshened. The dirt dozens -air pollutants are sequestered, referred to a gaseous sequestration. The dust is removed from the air is by ionizing the air with clean air. The air bore particles are ionized and are brought down to the ground, thereby cleaning the air. The UN reports that the air pollution is a leading killer.one in 8 persons in the world will die of premature death. The air pollution cost US250billion due to premature deaths in the world. Trees scrub the air clean. Bio diversity is a solution to keeping the environment clean.
  • More oxygen .More oxygen is introduced into the air , which is suitable for growth, speedy recovery of the stressed mind and helps the resilience of the injured mind and body. It was found in research that the lack of oxygen in the air increases the tendency to commit suicide. Certain shrubs such as bamboo are said to produce more oxygen into the air that other plants are considered very healthy and good for the environment.
  • Water Purification. The rainwater runoffs are purified. Rainwater is run off into bios-vales, Bio SUDS or eco cells and eco-stairs where rainwater is purified before discharging into the water streams, ponds or below the ground water tables.Water that gets to the underground water tables is cleansed by vegetation grown in the bio swales and eco cells before emitting them into the grounds.
  • Heat island effect .The elimination of Heat island effect, which affect the microclimate amelioration through direct shading and evaporative cooling. The air is warmer by the lack of vegetation by the removal of trees or turned grounds. The objects such as concrete, road pavements absorb heat and radiate heat it at night. This effect alone to an increase of temperatures by 4 degrees C according to research done in some areas. The emitters of waste heat to the environment are: Humans metabolism contributes to 8% of the waste heat, buildings contribute to 60% and the motor vehicles contribute to 32% of the waste heat to the environment.(Smith et al 2009)
  • Controlling the Zika Pest .Control of Pest species, such as bats feed on the mosquitoes, owls eating the rats. The ecological cycle of animals should be maintained. The removal of birds and bats as they may seem to be a pest for urban areas will cause the increase of mosquitoes and rat infestation. The presence of owls helps to stop the proliferation of rats, but in the first place owls need an ecological environment to live in, in some countries owls were let out to the trees but they soon died out as the habitat for owls were not suitable. In Singapore the attempt to green the city was somewhat a good attempt to save the city but the fruits and flower that draws birds were limited to discourage the presence of birds because of  their droppings and nesting of birds in the urban areas. But this led to an increase of mosquitos and pests which then has to be countered by spraying chemicals which affects the waterways and quality of water.Singapore in recent years has been Singaporeans again inflicted with dangerous Zika virus carried by Mosquitoes. The spread of Zika in Singapore was exceptionally fast and caused fear and discouragement among Singaporeans. The control of Zika would have been a lot easier if the Bats, birds did the job of controlling the Zika Pest. Again Singapore once again proves to the world the need for biodiversity against the fight of Zika.Pu
  • Air quality- As the air quality is improved, as a direct consequence of improved health. As most illness related to respiratory illness are reduced and have an increase health conditions of occupants as vegetation scrubs the air of the dirty dozens and air particles. Air particulates causes health issues such as lung problems and its related health problems.
  • Productivity and reduced Absenteeism- According to findings in a research such as (Elzeyadi, 2011). This increases and improves productivity by the decrease sick leaves when potted plants were located with the workspace and it had a direct relationship to improved productivity and reduced absenteeism (Elzeyadi, 2011).
  • Stress Resilience- It has been found in research that beds in hospitals that had the good view of scenic view had patients recovered by 30% faster and thereby decreasing 30% intake of medication. Well landscaped view have an effect of our general health conditions with respect to stress recovery that we are subjected too, in the modern workplace.
  • Education -The education of the local species to the local communities by demonstrating the planting of local species in the local areas. The awareness of plants and benefits are preserved with bio diversity.
  • Energy BILL LOW-A green living roof, will insulates the building by reducing the diurnal temperatures from a typically non green roof from 50deg C to 3 deg C during winters. And during summers the roof will insulate the heat into the building. By smart landscaping the temperatures will be reduce the temperatures  by a great range of 50%. Read smart landscaping.
  • Carbon Negative– As we plant more trees and vegetation increasing the( increasing the diversity of the flaura , fauna and habitat) biodiversity, we help to improve the carbon footprint and tends to carbon negative as in the case of Bhutan. The vegetation help to reduce the emission of carbon dioxide and gasses{methane} that destroy the environment by sequestering them within the vegetation. And thereby helping to reduce the carbon emitted to the atmosphere and thereby improving the Carbon Footprint. As tree are grown the carbon is sequestered by the trees and the soil, for instance an acre of forest sequesters about 110metric tonnes of CO2 per year. The Wetlands sequesters 300 tonnes of CO2 per year. The world emits  a 2.6  Giga tonnes of CO2 every year which is causing the unabated flooding , global warming and weather change that is affecting lives all over the world. The carbon footprint can be offset by eco biodiversity and neutrality in the world can be obtained by planting diverse trees. the world can be restored to its natural state. The world average temperature is to be brought down to 2 degrees C- to restored to the temperatures of the pre-industrial days. Visit our seminar on Net Zero Carbon Emission which delves more on this aspect with respect to designing building for Net Zero Emissions. Building are one of the major contributors to Carbon emission in the air.

This is where we there is an application for biodiversity and green designs in buildings and cities by using ecological considerations in design, the biometrics of nature are to be incorporated into our environments, such as in nature there is no waste. Unlike nature, we Humans are wasteful ,we dispose of domestic waste by tons every day, into nature destroying the water. The spider eats its own web as a way to minimize waste, the humans dispose of much of construction waste into the environment that in some countries there are no more spaces left to dispose of the domestic waste in the landfills.

We as Architects are designers for the safe environment using ecological design consideration, biometrics, bio grids,ecological cycles. Call us a discussion into how we may be of help to you to save the environment in your site plans or building designs.

Attend our seminar of Net Zero Carbon Emission, see how eco bio-diversity helps the environment by sequestering the Carbon and scrubs the air of pollution and Green house gases from the air. It helps achieve Net Zero Emission status for development.

CLICK HERE TO Book online for seminar of Net Zero Carbon Emission, See you there in KL.

Green ecohouse floor plans

Green and Sustainable House floor Plan

 

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Carbon Trading

Green architect

 Prepared by Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

Eco Biodiversity, ecological considerations . eco-diversity in city planning, ecological imperatives, Green architect, Green Sustainability Architect, Hyper Green, urban planning

Whoever Pay for their Monthly Electric Bills, this days!-Net Zero Energy Resort

Net Zero Energy Building Designs Prepared by Net Zero Energy Building Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

With the advent of technologies and special designs, the days when the electric bill stresses you up are of the far past. Whoever even pays for their Monthly Electric Bills this day! Not with Net Zero Energy Building Designs at your door steps. In this article, we will show that even large scaled projects such as Net Zero Energy Resort in Bentong have been designed for the Zero Net Energy.We will discuss the principles we used to achieve a Net Zero Energy Building for our resort.This Net Zero Energy Resort is the first of its kind in the world.

Net Zero Energy Building Technologies have made it possible to minimize paying the monthly bills. Yes! minimize electric bills to zero electrical bill. Yes, but what’s  the catch!It  is the averages sum of what you pay over the time of 1 year, is zero. There are months where you pay a small electric bill and there are months you produce more electricity that what you consume and you receive cash which brings your yearly average bill to zero.

A building owner pays an electric bill of USD200, 000 per month for one of his many outlets. If he was wise he could pay zero .Many like this building owner, feel that this is misnomer and a myth. Others think sure! all you have to do is to have spent a bomb on Photo voltaic panels and you are getting the zero bills. No!!!! That is not, what we mean…by Net Zero Energy Building Design. The principle is elucidated here, keep reading.

When you order for a cold chocolate drink in a food outlet. In most cases the chocolate, hot water, milk, sugar is mixed well enough and solid ice is added to chill up the drink. There is a sheer waste of energy  and in Net Zero Strategies in preparing for a cold drink with avoid using hot water see the diagram below. The wastage can amount to 75% in most cases.

Net Zero Energy Strategies

Net Zero Energy Design reduces the waste in our electric bill.

Net Zero Energy StrategiesNet Zero Energy Resort

The Net Energy Design strategy is making your building more energy efficient. Less wasteful and recycle the waste whenever possible.

  • Firstly by keeping the heat out of your building by orientating the building, minimizing the surface expose to direct heat and provide sufficient shading for the building. These wills reduce the electric cooling bill by 20%.
  • Smart landscaping will help reduce consumption, read https://www.firstenergycorp.com/content/customer/help/saving_energy/trees.html
  • Secondly by using energy saving systems, monitoring sensors and other systems the energy is reduced by 20% savings.of energy.
  • Thirdly the daylight harvesting we can reduce the energy bill by 15% of the bills, Imagine the amount of lighting levels needed for comfortable reading is 400lux, and in broad mid-day light, the amount light available is about 140,000lux . All we need to harvest a small light for consumption.Modern light fittings enable the light transfer from the external spaces to deep interiors to light up spaces
  • enabling control systems such as motions sensors, light sensors etc will further reduce energy bill.
  • Controls in the air conditions systems will help to reduce the energy bill bu 15% of the total bills
  • Electrical light fitting layouts will also reduce the energy consumption
  • High-performance systems and equipment will help reduce the consumption, such as pumps,
  • Sub-metering helps to review the energy consumption patterns and energy consumption is managed
  • Many other strategies on minimizing heat flow into the building and by effectively insulating the building from gaining heat are studied using software such as Ecotect, Vasari, Design studio, one is able to elevate the materials to be used to effective reduce the heat gain or heat loss and thereby reducing energy consumption.

Renewable Energy

Wind turbine

Wind turbine renewable energy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Renewable energy that may be available in varied forms in the locality. The types will depend on the region:
1.)Where there is a waterfall ,
using a mini-hydro Hydro electricity may be tapped ,
2.)The wind energy may be tapped if the winds are strong in this region,
3.)The solar energy may be tapped if the sky is clear often by using PV panels.
4.)Biomass energy may be obtained if there were biomass waste in the region, such as sewerage waste, domestic waste,oil palm waste. these waste can be converted into renewable energy.
5.)Geothermal energy may be harvested, if the heat from the ground beneath, may be close to the surface of the site.
These renewable energies which are characteristic of the area will be created at the site  making the building energy efficient, This is how a building will finally become net zero in cost or consumption. The data of renewable energy for the most parts of the would are available from many climatic sources in the world wide web or sold by Climate and Weather Governmental Departments.These data will be imputed into computer software to calculate the amount of energy that is available from these renewable sources.

 

 

mono and poly PV Panels

All this sounds very simple but in the context of large buildings, one has to simulate the building in the computer(energy model) to evaluate the energy consumption for confirmation of the energy consumption before proceeding to the construction.

Net Zero Energy Resort

It is now becoming viable for projects of large scale to be designed for Net Zero Energy , such as Pertamina Tower , 99 levels building in Indonesia and Royal Bentong Cultural Resorts in Malaysia( of which we are the Net Zero Energy Architects). Previously it was envisaged that it is was viable only small scaled projects and this has been proven wrong with the advent of sophisticated software and technologies.

This also refereed to Zero Net Energy by the New York Times. Read and see how the future of Zero Net Energy is viable in the close  distant future even by the year 2020 in the cities of US.

Check our our Green and Sustainable House floor plans, click here.

Be in contact with us via our website for any clarification

Hyper Green architect

Green architect

 

 

 

 

Prepared by Net Zero Energy Building Architect Perumal Nagapushnam
System Design Architect

Website address: http://www.sda-architect.com

What is ECO Green House?

What is ECO?
ECO derives the word from the word Ecological , which is the scientific study of interactions of flora and fauna with one another and with the physical and surrounding environment.

What is Green? Green is reference to the saving of the environment. The Green movement first started as saving the green infrastructure which was first thought as the cause of the environmental issues and that explains the use of going Green idea,

What is an Eco Green house
It is a house which feels environmentally, friendly  while also focusing on the efficient use of “energywater, and  use of recycled building materials or material that has attributes to energy savings and inclusive of an ecologically designed house.

Eco green house is the concept come from Nature, Organic, Mountain and Forest and also the concept of reduce, recycle and reuse has used in sustainability designs by Eco Green Architect , Eco Green architects continue to push the agenda of sustainability in Air quality, Water quality, Energy Efficiency ,Sustainability Planning and Maintenance of building world wide. The eco green architects review the green infrastructure and blue infrastructure and how they are affected for healthy living of the inhabitants.

History of the ECO Green House

The history of the eco-green movement, commenced as a major turn to the  green building movement during 1970s, as the price of oil to increase sharply and made building owners and designers reviewed buildings for more energy efficient buildings.This trend has led to the present cry for Net Zero Energy Buildings.

The researchers and designers were looking into more energy efficient processes, products and designs, following the wake of the energy crises. Many organizations and groups arose up in the 1990s to promote green buildings and dedicated to improving the knowledge of consumers so that they could have more green homes. Groups such as The International Code Council and the National Association of Home Builders started works in 2006 in order to create the “voluntary green home building standard”.

The Energy Policy Act was gazetted in 2005, allowing tax reductions for homeowners that use energy efficient system in their homes, such as Photo Voltaic solar panels and other energy-efficient products.

Features of the Eco Green homes plans or Green and Sustainable House floor plans

  • Solar Panels
  • Energy Star Appliances
  • High Efficiency, Water Conserving Appliances
  • Dual Pane, Low-Emittance Windows
  • Energy Efficient Air Conditioning
  • Energy Efficient Lighting
  • Certified Wood from Sustainable Forests
  • Blown-in Cellulose Wall Insulation
  • Fresh Air Ventilation System
  • Satellite Controlled Sprinkler Systems

Eco Green homes plans idea for exterior concrete

Eco greenhouse idea for house floor plans or Architectural layouts:

First and foremost is building your home with concrete walls. Concrete walls have 4 different systems which is:
a.) cast-in-place concrete walls (where the forms are removed once the concrete hardens),
b.) pre-cast panels,
c.) Concrete blocks, and
d.) Insulating concrete forms (ICFs).

Secondly, cover your roof with concrete tiles and insulated with polyurethane foam, Concrete tiles with the insulation can also reduce your home heating and cooling costs and maintain more constant indoor air temperatures. Also, Living Roof is a good strategy to keep the building building cool during summers and warm during winter. The temperature diurnal are brought down to 50 degree F to 3 degree F during winters..

Thirdly use Grass Crete instead of concrete for all your exterior hard surfaces has 4 of type’s situations such as pavements or sidewalks, aprons, driveways, and backyard patios. This will keep the heat on the building both the heat island and reduces the thermal transfer during hot summers.

Fourthly use a cement-based exterior finish and paint finishes has an appreciation for its many sustainable qualities, including fire resistance, excellent weathering characteristics, good low maintenance, and resistance to rot, mold, and termite attacks.

Fifth install a previous grass-Crete concrete driveway, it enhances the comfort level, reduces the thermal heat island effect and the may be a way to collect the rainwater underground as Bioswale where water is reserved for future use as portable water.

Sixth use an eco-friendly concrete mix. it helps by using recycle waste by substituting a portion of the cement with fly ash, slag cement, or silica fume, all byproducts from power plants, steel mills .Caution should be called for with regards to fly ash as some fly ash may, in fact, contains poisonous matter that may affect the well-being of a person, it should be used only for building components such as footings and ground beans which are concealed and not expose to human movements

Seventh use recycled materials in your landscape designs or building such as bricks, blocks, concrete, etc. All sorts of inexpensive recycled materials can be used in concretes to create unusual artistic effects, including broken or crushed glass, recycled aggregates, broken bricks, stones crushed seashells for hardcore or pavement sub beds.

Lastly where there is waste material from the site reuse your old concrete or waste within the site. Waste is major problems all over the world, read on…

Green Materials to build Eco Green homes plans

The materials to build an eco green house.

1.) Concrete.
Concrete is a material to creating thermal mass in a passive solar designed home. In temperate and cool climates thermal mass to keep regulate a home’s temperature and keep it warm in winter and cool in summer.

2.) ICF Blocks.
It is a systems consist of a range of wall blocks and corner blocks that are assembled onto a solid building and saves time and labor and improved quality of work

3.) Timber.
Timber is a strong, flexible, and readily available and providing it is sourced properly, is a renewable resource but care should be taken to minimise the waste such as formwork should not be timber bit of steel as there will be huge waste after construction, generally timber is a green material as it cost less energy to manufacture as in comparison to aluminum,

4.) Mud-brick.
Mud-brick is made from natural materials , which is a sustainable, recyclable, non-toxic , healthy form and the amount of energy required to manufacture mud brick are minimum.

5.) Straw-bale.
Straw-bale is rectangular bales, which are stacked up to create walls and are fixed in place with metallic or wooden pins which are trimmed and shaped before being rendered with mud or cement based renders.

6.) Timber-Crete
Timber-Crete is a mixture of timber waste (such as sawdust) and concrete to create a special material that is porous and lighter than solid concrete and of greater strength and good insulating properties.

7,) Rapid-wall
Rapid-wall is a prefabricated panel constructed of Fiberglas reinforced water-resistant gypsum plaster, which can come moldy to the form.

8.) Brick.
Brick have the advantage of high thermal insulation be used to store or absorb heat to help reduce the heat gain inside the house compared to cement brick wall, however, if a cavity wall is constructed, the cavity should be filled with an insulation material such as polyurethane foam.

9) Rammed earth
Rammed earth is a precisely controlled mixture of gravel, clay, sand, cement, and sometimes lime or waterproofing additives.

 

Green ecohouse floor plans

Green and Sustainable House floor Plan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Check out our Green and Sustainable House floor plans- Click here

Carbon Trading

Green architect

 

 

 

Written by: Khor Zhe Keem and Net Zero Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

Net Zero Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

System Design Architect
http://www.sda-architect.com/

 

 

What is Modern House Plan?

The Modern House Plan  is clean-lined , sharp and crisp-edged using shapes that are sophisticated looking homes.and ,functionally focusing first and foremost and primarily using a modern material and exposing the structures or using the structures in a cunning way .

The modern house has a smooth and shiny surface ,everything ,maybe even white and balanced.

Modern homes are very elegant,neat ,sleek, precise and are constructed to the finest of a quality of workmanship which is a beauty by virtue of this attribute.Taking the cue from the motto,” God is in the detail”. It uses the most up-to-date techniques of construction and using new ideas of materials and inspiration from ;modern art and graphic and using equipment for constructability of modern forms.

Modern homes are greatly simplified taking the cue from the motto “Less is more”, giving way to a clean aesthetic where materials meet in simple, well-executed joints. Modern house was most typically using the concrete structures using a flat or broad low-pitched gable or shed roof.

Exposed structure, an expressive using modern materials such as single panel glass cladding, silicone and , and the incorporation of landscaped areas into the house and on the top of the house, Living roof concepts where landscaping are placed on the rooftop where it is extensively waterproofing to keep the roots from uprooting the waterproofing.

Modern Architects ?

In an architectural sense, Modern architects were Louis Sullivan & Frank Lloyd Wright( US), Otto Wagner (Vienna), Victor Horta ( Brussels), Le Corbusier (France) and Antoni Gaudi (Barcelona). The German Architects -Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe and Walter Gropius organized the Bauhaus School that was a great influence on the modern Architectural movement.

However, for the purpose of this article, we would like to refer to all homes that are presently being used as a Modern house .

modern house floor plans

Green and Sustainable House floor Plan

The features of Modern House Plan are:
1) cantilevered structure

A cantilevered structure is a feature that is typified in modern homes, It may be used as a counter balance. A concrete cantilevered structure slab extended from the house, without any support from a pillar or beam, is useful to provide effective shading. The modern house is a flat or broad low-pitched gable or shed roof and this roof may also be cantilevered.

2) Shape and Forms of Modern House Plan

Shapes and the forms of houses are based boxes shaped, or interlinked boxes and the vertical forms are juxtaposed against horizontal elements for dramatic effect and illusions effects.

3) Materials of Modern House Plan

Materials are often used in well-defined planes, Modern house exterior wood is also stained so that the texture and character of the wood can be expressed. some modern home uses of synthetic sidings added steel structural support.

Modern homes use traditional materials in an interesting way, where materials such wood, brick, and stone are simplified lacking the traditional ornaments, in ways where architecture reflects a modern aesthetic. Traditional horizontal clapboard siding is used as vertical board cladding used in large planes. Stonework and brickwork are simple, fascinating ornaments removed, and used in rectilinear shapes and extruded planes.

4) Symmetry of Modern House Plan

Modern home has Asymmetrical exteriors with curved walls or unusual angles and shapes.Forms may tend to be organic breaking away from the rigid, regular,symmetrical as there are studies that shows much benefits accrue from organic forms, read here.

5) Exposed structure forModern House Plan

Exposed structure and an expressive use of modern materials and columns exposed to draw aesthetic in the exposed structures.
Exposed concrete block, bricks, exposed wall are left bare finish to reveal the true character of the structure in lieu of a finished material.Concrete floors, plastered wall are stained and exposed, long-span steel trusses permit open column-free spaces, and service pipes such as also exposed.

Modern home adopt the new “skin-and-bones” architecture for their emphasis on steel structure and glass enclosure and vice versa.

6.)Net Zero energy Homes with Green and sustainability House plans

Comfort  with minimal use of energy such as Radiant heating systems enhances human comfort,   orientation with respect to the solar path, super insulation of the building, sensors to save energy, BAS to manage the building for maintenance and PV solar panel. Wind turbines ,geothermal energy and biomass energy to enhance the sustainability of the environment,

Modern home uses of large sheets of glass in effect bring exteriors of building’s site into interiors of the building, with dramatic views and introducing and harvesting natural daylight deep into the interior of homes

Modern home has natural and smart landscaping. The best modern homes are energy efficient. They are oriented to take advantage of natural forces to generate renewable for passive solar heating in the winter.

The cost of twitching you home to Net Zero Energy with Green and Sustainable house plans is minimal, check out with us today, call us

Check out our modern house floor plans as they are the best on the world wide web.

Prepared by Lydia of Saito college,  edited by Net Zero Energy Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

So ! What is a Beach House really?

Beach Houses are the serene homes often located near the beach and shorelines. Typically they are also houses are located in the mountain areas with view of near the waters of the sea shores.

It is also like cottage houses, which are places to spend the holidays and enjoy the vacations.

The typical features of beach house plans describe the houses with large verandas with a wooden structure. Spacious beach house plans also include houses built with a magnificent view of the beaches. The rooms such as breakfast room, master bedroom, the living room and the guest room have a circulation access to the decks. The rooms may be given a spacious areas.

What are the distinguishing features of beach house? 

Beach house interior design tends towards simpler and exclusivity of spaces is removed in comparison to the conventional and traditional concepts of home.

The ocean is a great source of inspiration for many different beach house design ideas. The shape and forms of the ocean may affect the form of the beach houses. The design style of beach house is a real favorite among the people alike is the Contemporary Coastal style. It’s a style that essentially reminds us of the beach itself.

It really creates an atmosphere that is cheery, airy and relaxing atmosphere

Beach House Interiors
The one of the most exciting parts of a beach house is all of hardy and robust types of furniture pieces that go all throughout the interior of it , generally made from organic materials and natural fibers, that reflects the beach life as much as possible. Rattan furniture,( wicker ) beds made of natural oak frames, finished bamboo blinds and dotted with canvas chairs., along the deck and umbrellas fixed to sun bathing seats.

Interior decor for beach house never has to be expensive and should be more fun.

As a means of interior decoration, sea shells tropical trees that evoke the ambiance of warm as palm trees, sea shells, sea fishes, star fishes, the boat scenes, ships. tropical fruits juices etc may be ideal to create the ideal interior setting of a beach house.

Curtains or drapery that is rather reflective of the nature, seas or clouds and sunny beach-like in nature, can help to diffuse natural setting and mood of beach outdoors.

The large single paneled window, granting the views of the seas and the outdoors may help to create the out doors feeling in doors in a graceful manner,

Utilize the Mermaids Indoors as a decor of beach house and even in the outdoors as this has an immediate sense of outdoors.

Net Zero Energy concepts

Bring In More Natural Light as to create the beach ambiance but it is sensible to utilize net Zero energy concepts as a green sustainable feature to reduce the energy from the grid. And sources of energy may be a hybrid of wind turbine and a solar panel that pays for the finance of the second beach . energy may be a source of earning some finance as the house may be left unattended too during the off holiday season, when renewable energy may help to finance the second home.

It make sense to harvest the sun where the lux level is about 140,000 lux at mid day and whereas the light for task level is only 350 lux.

This home was built with lots of glass walls around it but carefully to reduce the heat inside the beach house,

What are the types of beach house?

There are 3 types of beach houses, namely:

  • Urban Beach House
  • Sophisticated Beach House
  • Modern beach house

check our our Beach house plans, they arr simply the best on the world wide website.

Prepared by Jeevitha of Saito College, Edited by Net Zero Energy Perumal Nagapushnam

What is a Cottage house,house floor plan!

Writing by Hee Guang Zhen of Saito College

 

Autosave_H33.1 River Point Cottage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

It’s mean a simple a house with a kind of comfortable feeling. Cottage style homes are often evokes legends in storybooks and fairy tales, set deep in the country woods and surrounded with a fairy tales semblance filled by birds, domesticated animals, and beautiful flower garden, which are often thought of as small homes in idyllic surroundings where nothing goes wrong, as in a fairy tale. Can happen laying between a river and backdrop of hills, the air is filled with sound of flowing water, people living in the small courtyard, that’s the surrounding feeling of cottage house…

Cottage homes may be a vacation house plan or a beach house plan , fitting for a lake or in a mountain panoramic views as a setting.

It is wrong to refer to them as bungalows as bungalow mean a single storey house with a compound of surrounding land. Modern Cottage houses a re generally more spacious in different settings, but there is a distinct style and charm that reflects the rural lifestyle.

Cottage House floor Plan

Cottage House floor Plan

Historical Backgrounds to Cottage House

Cottage House ambiance takes you to the surrounding around the 18th century onward, when the rural area was influenced with the development of industry leading to the development of weavers’ cottages and miners’ cottages.

It was a house concept is popular on 19th century. The word comes from England where it originally was a house that has a ground floor, with a first, lower storey of bedrooms which fit within the roof space. It used to mean a small old-fashioned house.

In modern terms it is usually a modest, often cozy dwelling, type of a rural setting ed Kingdom the term cottage denotes house that are designed to resemble traditional .

In the US the word cottage is often used to mean a small vacation home. Home designers like Andrew Jackson Downing brought this style of home into American favor by including building plans

In Canada the cottage-style dwellings are the term generally exists with no reference to size at all.

In Britain, traditionally, cottage houses were compact English farmhouses occupied by peasant agricultural workers which we now dream of a comfortable living homes.

Autosave_meditranian, spanish small,beach,mountain, vacation,cottage

Features of Cottage house

Cottage homes are often dreamed off as smaller sized homes with beautiful flower gardens and a quaint design with a feeling of a in peaceful rural surroundings, complete with cottage-style gardens bursting with colorful blooms.

The Architectural facade is a normal cottage house with a simple porches and fence, portico designs with simple columns and spacious and roomy covered porches.
Balconies with two-story house designs are some of the features of a cottage house.

The facades also have large bay windows.

Adding with it a Flower gardens bursting with colorful blooms are reminiscent of a cottage house that adds beauty and reminiscences of the old 18th century outlook.

 

 

Selection of color
cottage house avoid rich colors, use plain white where necessary or rather best use the material in its most natural colors.
The natural dilapidation of the old look brings honesty to the cottage and a rustic feeling to the cottage.

Cottage Style House with Wood Shingles
It is also a cottage houses more compact size and their asymmetrical exterior features.

Stone brick and timber are the main material using on cottage house. This structure reflects the gentle and natural feel. Stone naturally creates the rustic and cozy and comfortable sense of oldness to the traditional times.

small log mountain house

small log mountain house

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cottage Style House with Stone Exterior

A Cottage style homes may be tucked away into the woods, located near the water, or otherwise surrounded by nature. They can also be blended seamlessly into local residential neighborhoods.

Small Log House Plan

Log House Plan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net Zero Energy Plans
Cottages in the outbacks, out in the mountains , by a small stream or by the rustic beach side can be designed for off the grid Net Zero Energy buildings with cottage homes ambient without losing the charm, of cottage homes or cottage style house typical of Cottages.The cost of doing so is very minimal, call us for further details.

Check out our Cottage house floor plans, click here

Click here Check out our cottage house floor plans, Cottage house. cottage home, cottage plans, Cottage Style House, house floor plan, house floor plans,

Click here Check out our Net Zero Energy Architect

Click here for checking out our small house plans

 

 

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Edited  by Net Zero Energy ArchitectPerumal Nagapushnam

 The houses are traditionally timber house plans. Some of oldest houses dated from the 16th Century. These houses are now in museums which is an object of study by craftsman and builders.

The plan of the house and how it is used also remain traditional. Only the kitchen and sometimes the place for eating meals are modern; the other rooms, for working, sleeping and social intercourse, remain true to tradition. The floor is covered with straw mats (tatami); the family kneels at low tables to eat and drink, and they sleep on the floor as from time immemorial. <4>

Thus living in the Japanese style broadly implies adherence to tradition, just as we would do if we dwelt in modified chalets in our central European cities. The architect, as a ‘creative’ designer, has no part to play in the traditional housing of Japan. The craftsman designs the house according to ancient traditional rules, as was the case for centuries in our mountain valleys.

The Design of The Traditional Japanese House
The Traditional Japanese House has view into the garden, the house is flexible , the strength  of the house and the beauty of the house is amazingly well built all together that creates a wonderful and comfortable ambiance as one enters into the The Traditional Japanese House. The comfortable feeling is what Architects try to create, a feeling that put you to ease as you are inside the home.

 a)Views into the garden

The houses are design for views in to the garden, balconies are surrounded with cuts the sun and the harsh weather in the homes. Balconies are essentially a major feature of the Japanese House.

b) Flexibility

The partition made of light material to allow flexibility of the use of room. A living room could be the dining, or even a common family area. Sliding Shoji Screens are common.

 c)Strength of structured

The structure of the timber that is used of extra strength to endure the weathering and the earthquakes that Japan is so frequently subjected too. While the structure is robust the internal materials are light weight using paper, bamboo, straw and timber.

d)Beauty

The elegance and grace of the house is aesthetically designed to bring a simplistic view of the house with little furniture which helps the mind to likewise be simple and functional in thinking and living.This helps to think straight and live straight disciplining the mind and the body.

The Japanese House Plans
As you enter into the house, the shoes are removed at the Genkan( Hall way) and slippers are worn .

 Architectural Insights
Economy and brief of material used is maintained and the use of light passing into spaces via translucent material is common.

The perfect proportions of squares are used relating to the tatami mats.

Haiku timber House
Haiku is a type of poetry, which means each poem contains seventeen syllables–frequently in the order of 5, 7, 5 syllables .The theme of haiku poetry is the relationship and interaction between nature and humankind.Haiku says that form and function are one. This philosophy was adopted by Frank Lloyd Wright. Haiku Houses have many of the features of their Bungalows.It is elegant and beautiful, priceless in its inherent peace, tranquility and harmony.

The Traditional Japanese House were in many way designed for Net Zero Energy Building, firstly  the house were made of timber which was a naturally abundant and the veranda  were thermal zones which kept the heat away during the summers the smart landscaping  kept the heat  away during summer and the homes were lifted above the ground to keep the heat away from the ground which air below the floor was a good form of insulation, the interiors were made of paper which was an excellent material which insulated the interiors form gaining heat nor losing heat during winters, with respect to Green sustainability the choice of timber could never get better.

Before leaving the site, please check out for our boutique designs for Japanese floor plans at : http://www.sda-architect.com/

And enjoy.

Thank you

Prepared by Net Zero Energy Building Architect Perumal Nagapushnam: http://www.sda-architect.com/

How to Build a Log House-Part 1

Construction Lesson 1 (Sill Logs, Floor and Joints)

 

What are the Sill Logs?

Sill logs are the logs that rest directly on top of the foundation and its connected to it by the anchor bolts.

 

How to Choose Your Logs?

  • Just about any type of log can be used, as long as it’s relatively straight and it is around 8”-10” diameter.
  • It has only minor tapering no more than 2”. And the length for it is around 16 ft.
  • Conifers such as pine, fir, spruce and tamarack are preferred because these softwoods are workable, durable and relatively lightweight.
  • Hardwoods, particularly oak can also be used, though their sapwood is highly susceptible to infestation by borers and fungus.

 

Sill Logs:

  • After completing the foundation based on the house plan the work on the upper part of the house begins.
  • The first step in the house structure is to install the sill log on the floor plan
  • Note: this is an important part of the job because if the sills are not laid as mentioned in the house floor plan and if its not laid squarely and securely that might effect the whole structure.

 

Steps of Constructing the log house Sill Log.

  • If you don’t want a full basement, you must excavate the house plan dimension at least below the frost line, install footings and construct a wall up to 20 in. above grade level.
  • You must also install piers within the foundation walls as mentioned in the architecture plan to support the floor girder. Also, install anchor bolts along the top of the walls to attach the sill.
  • Begin floor construction by hewing or cutting flat the bottom of the sill logs.
  • Then make holes in the sill logs to fit in the anchor bolts and install sill sealer or a termite shield according to the local building code.
  • The corner joints are made by bottom notching the logs based on the house design.
  • Hew flat the top of the girder and install it over the support piers.
  • Join it to the sill with a mortise and tenon joint. Drive nails through the top of the tenon and into the mortise to complete the joint.

 

Steps of constructing the log house sill log and floor:

  • In a similar manner, hew or cut flat the top of the joists and install them between the girder and sill logs so they are flush with the top of the girder.
  • Install the sub flooring perpendicular to the direction of the joists. Now you’re ready to start on the walls as designed in the architecture plan.

Steps of constructing the log house wall joints:

  • Many different types of notches can be used to join the logs, but a good choice for the beginning log builder is the scribe, fit, round-notch method.
  • It features semicircular notches cut in the bottom of the logs to fit over adjacent logs. Also, a V-shaped groove is cut down the length of each log bottom so the entire length can sit flush on the log below.
  • Although this method is slower than others, the corner joints are self-draining-water running down the outside of the house hits the log tops and runs off, instead of being trapped in the notch.
  • The V-grooves also eliminate air drafts between the logs.
  • The joints between courses do not need chinking, so you can avoid one of the most chronic maintenance problems of log homes: repairing cracked chinking.

 

Prepared by: Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

Check out our log house designs : http://www.sda-architect.com/

How to build a Log House-Part 3
Foundation Lesson 3 (Perimeter Foundation & Full Basement Foundation)

This  article on how to build a Log House-Part 3 is the last part of the session, which deals on the subject on how to build a Log House in totality from the foundation to the roof.

Perimeter Foundation:

  • It can be made of concrete, concrete blocks or concrete faced with stones.
  • If made of concrete it can be Single pour and Double Pour (footing and foundation).

Single Pour Footing/Foundation:

  • It’s not used as much as the separately poured footing and foundation.
  • However it simplifies the task and cut down on time.
  • Lay out the outside dimensions of the footings, the wall thickness and outside boundary of the wall on the batter boards using the house floor plan.
  • Then position the builder’s string to show the dimensions.
  • Excavate the footing and construct the forms.
  • Bring All Service pipes in below the footing and frost line before pouring the footing.
  • Make sure any low spots under the edge of the footing are filled with stones

Double Pour Footing/Foundation:

  • The footing is usually poured separately from the foundation.
  • If the soil is stable, the footing is poured directly in a trench dug without forms.
  • If the soil is less stable, forms must be constructed to hold the concrete in place.
  • The forms must be leveled by using the carpenter’s level and stones are used to fill up the holes around the form to keep the concrete from running out
  • If pouring without forms drive small wooden stakes into the soil at the bottom of the trench where their tops should be level with the height of the footing.
  • Pour the concrete and smooth more or less to the height of the stakes then pull the stakes out and fill the holes with concrete and smooth over.
  • Form a key in the footing to help hold the concrete foundation in place and it can be done by using a beveled 2”x4”. However in the tropical countries water stop is need to be added to prevent water seepage.
  • Reinforce the footing with two to three reinforcing bars spaced about 3”-4” off the bottom of the trench.
  • Make an inspection after the form for the footings are completed.

Pouring the Foundation for the House Plan:

  • After the footing has cured for 5-6 days the foundation can be formed.
  • Remove the footings forms and construct the form for the foundation.
  • Individual sections of forms should be nailed together from the outside.
  • Set up the outside forms first and level it by using the carpenter level and then do the same on the inside forms.
  • Higher and larger foundation walls should be poured slowly to allow the concrete enough time to set up.

Basement Foundation:

  • Basement foundation has the same fundamentals of the perimeter foundation however its has additional features such as:
    • Foundation drains.
    • Insulating the basement.
    • Basement floor.

Foundation Drain & Basement Insulation:

  • A drain should be placed around the foundation to help carry off excess water that collects at its base.
  • Put a 2” layer of gravel around the outside of the bottom edge of the footing.
  • Then put clay drainage tile or perforated plastic on top of this around the outside of the footing.
  • Throw from 2”-6” of gravel over the clay drainage to extend it up over the top edge of the footing by at least 2”.
  • If you need insulation for the basement, install 4” thick batts of rigid foam with moisture barrier below the concrete floor and on the gravel. It can be installed on the outside of the foundation wall as well.

Basement Foundation Floor:

  • Usually poured after the foundation forms are removed.
  • Before pouring the floor first position the drain as needed.
  • The floor drain should be ½” below the surface of the finished concrete floor.
  • Pouring basement floor should be done with a fast pace to prevent the concrete from setting up before you can get it all finished.
  • Check out for some great Log House Floor Plans at :

http://www.sda-architect.com