It is hard to put in a nut shell that what and which constitutes Indian house design. India has been ruled by the British, Afghans moguls, that Indian house designs character has not been defined by these colonial master. or rather the British learn much words from the Indian culture( words such as shampoo, lantern, bungalow, cantonment, canoe, cyber,etc)
The houses in the North of India is not different from the houses in South neither were they any different form homes in the East – nor the West. However some enclaves in Goa and Pondicheery had remarkable difference because of the Portuguese and French influences for a much longer period of time than rest if India.
The Royals(refereed to as the Raj) lived in huge palaces where their wives and nuclear family lived in. In most places there were a large central courtyard where royal functions took places , where guards paraded with the elephants and a place of ceremony for the Raj. It was heavily guarded with one main entrance and with secret passages for Princely families to exit during wars. Water supply was secretly duct-ed underground to from the mountains for consumption at the Palaces .These water were designed for fountains in the gardens and dropped along window openings to allow the wind to pass through creating a cool breeze into the courtyards. the Net Zero Energy Architects should note that the passive designs were traditional used in the ancient architecture of India with respect to cooling with water and massive walls were good insulator of heat during he summers.
While in the courtyards held functions, the children and the wives were not to be seen in public spaces, they watched the function form hidden rooms from above the courtyards. The word Bungalow, is an Indian word adapted by the British for single storey house in large compounds.Landlord lived in Bungalow whereas peasants lived in Villages. These Bungalows were places where the rich landlords lived in.
Traditionally this bungalow , Indian House Design patterned after the palaces of the Princely palaces-courtyard house were common. The bungalow was elevated above the ground which led to an central hall which led to the master suite on one side, and to the visitor’s room on the other and the main dining hall.
Check out for some great design of Indian houses at http//:www.sda-architect.com The dinning hall had view of the central courtyard which was visible form the master suite, and all the other bed rooms. The maids quarters and the kitchen were at the end of the courtyard. A corridor led to the kitchen that butted the courtyard.
Indian had a great love for their Gods and devoted to their gods in Temples ,and housed their gods in Indian design –Temples. The palaces had temples and offered sacrifices to the god before going to war. They offered gold, precious stones, diamond, jade etc to their God when they were victorious in the wars and business ventures. These offering were held in Temple
Treasuries chest vaults.
The Temples were built in granite stones, sometimes mountains en block were carved and chiseled out to form the temples in the South of India. Use of precious stones in the temples were quite normal in their devotions.Marble for surface treatment was also common as it was found abundantly eg the Taj Mahal.
Houses in the villages were usually had a front terrace where the folks sat out in the evening for a yarn.On entrance it lead to a common hall which was like Living room and Dinning room combines. There were rooms in the rear for the privacy of living.
In the Mohenjo-daro the civilization it was known to have been built in grid lines and the houses were known to have public sewer lines and common utilities. But with the advent of rapid modernization and urban migration during the British rule the these urban planning once in greatness was lost.where the focus was not exploiting the industries of India rather than planning the cities for urban living.