What is ECO Green House?

What is ECO?
ECO derives the word from the word Ecological , which is the scientific study of interactions of flora and fauna with one another and with the physical and surrounding environment.

What is Green? Green is reference to the saving of the environment. The Green movement first started as saving the green infrastructure which was first thought as the cause of the environmental issues and that explains the use of going Green idea,

What is an Eco Green house
It is a house which feels environmentally, friendly  while also focusing on the efficient use of “energywater, and  use of recycled building materials or material that has attributes to energy savings and inclusive of an ecologically designed house.

Eco green house is the concept come from Nature, Organic, Mountain and Forest and also the concept of reduce, recycle and reuse has used in sustainability designs by Eco Green Architect , Eco Green architects continue to push the agenda of sustainability in Air quality, Water quality, Energy Efficiency ,Sustainability Planning and Maintenance of building world wide. The eco green architects review the green infrastructure and blue infrastructure and how they are affected for healthy living of the inhabitants.

History of the ECO Green House

The history of the eco-green movement, commenced as a major turn to the  green building movement during 1970s, as the price of oil to increase sharply and made building owners and designers reviewed buildings for more energy efficient buildings.This trend has led to the present cry for Net Zero Energy Buildings.

The researchers and designers were looking into more energy efficient processes, products and designs, following the wake of the energy crises. Many organizations and groups arose up in the 1990s to promote green buildings and dedicated to improving the knowledge of consumers so that they could have more green homes. Groups such as The International Code Council and the National Association of Home Builders started works in 2006 in order to create the “voluntary green home building standard”.

The Energy Policy Act was gazetted in 2005, allowing tax reductions for homeowners that use energy efficient system in their homes, such as Photo Voltaic solar panels and other energy-efficient products.

Features of the Eco Green homes plans or Green and Sustainable House floor plans

  • Solar Panels
  • Energy Star Appliances
  • High Efficiency, Water Conserving Appliances
  • Dual Pane, Low-Emittance Windows
  • Energy Efficient Air Conditioning
  • Energy Efficient Lighting
  • Certified Wood from Sustainable Forests
  • Blown-in Cellulose Wall Insulation
  • Fresh Air Ventilation System
  • Satellite Controlled Sprinkler Systems

Eco Green homes plans idea for exterior concrete

Eco greenhouse idea for house floor plans or Architectural layouts:

First and foremost is building your home with concrete walls. Concrete walls have 4 different systems which is:
a.) cast-in-place concrete walls (where the forms are removed once the concrete hardens),
b.) pre-cast panels,
c.) Concrete blocks, and
d.) Insulating concrete forms (ICFs).

Secondly, cover your roof with concrete tiles and insulated with polyurethane foam, Concrete tiles with the insulation can also reduce your home heating and cooling costs and maintain more constant indoor air temperatures. Also, Living Roof is a good strategy to keep the building building cool during summers and warm during winter. The temperature diurnal are brought down to 50 degree F to 3 degree F during winters..

Thirdly use Grass Crete instead of concrete for all your exterior hard surfaces has 4 of type’s situations such as pavements or sidewalks, aprons, driveways, and backyard patios. This will keep the heat on the building both the heat island and reduces the thermal transfer during hot summers.

Fourthly use a cement-based exterior finish and paint finishes has an appreciation for its many sustainable qualities, including fire resistance, excellent weathering characteristics, good low maintenance, and resistance to rot, mold, and termite attacks.

Fifth install a previous grass-Crete concrete driveway, it enhances the comfort level, reduces the thermal heat island effect and the may be a way to collect the rainwater underground as Bioswale where water is reserved for future use as portable water.

Sixth use an eco-friendly concrete mix. it helps by using recycle waste by substituting a portion of the cement with fly ash, slag cement, or silica fume, all byproducts from power plants, steel mills .Caution should be called for with regards to fly ash as some fly ash may, in fact, contains poisonous matter that may affect the well-being of a person, it should be used only for building components such as footings and ground beans which are concealed and not expose to human movements

Seventh use recycled materials in your landscape designs or building such as bricks, blocks, concrete, etc. All sorts of inexpensive recycled materials can be used in concretes to create unusual artistic effects, including broken or crushed glass, recycled aggregates, broken bricks, stones crushed seashells for hardcore or pavement sub beds.

Lastly where there is waste material from the site reuse your old concrete or waste within the site. Waste is major problems all over the world, read on…

Green Materials to build Eco Green homes plans

The materials to build an eco green house.

1.) Concrete.
Concrete is a material to creating thermal mass in a passive solar designed home. In temperate and cool climates thermal mass to keep regulate a home’s temperature and keep it warm in winter and cool in summer.

2.) ICF Blocks.
It is a systems consist of a range of wall blocks and corner blocks that are assembled onto a solid building and saves time and labor and improved quality of work

3.) Timber.
Timber is a strong, flexible, and readily available and providing it is sourced properly, is a renewable resource but care should be taken to minimise the waste such as formwork should not be timber bit of steel as there will be huge waste after construction, generally timber is a green material as it cost less energy to manufacture as in comparison to aluminum,

4.) Mud-brick.
Mud-brick is made from natural materials , which is a sustainable, recyclable, non-toxic , healthy form and the amount of energy required to manufacture mud brick are minimum.

5.) Straw-bale.
Straw-bale is rectangular bales, which are stacked up to create walls and are fixed in place with metallic or wooden pins which are trimmed and shaped before being rendered with mud or cement based renders.

6.) Timber-Crete
Timber-Crete is a mixture of timber waste (such as sawdust) and concrete to create a special material that is porous and lighter than solid concrete and of greater strength and good insulating properties.

7,) Rapid-wall
Rapid-wall is a prefabricated panel constructed of Fiberglas reinforced water-resistant gypsum plaster, which can come moldy to the form.

8.) Brick.
Brick have the advantage of high thermal insulation be used to store or absorb heat to help reduce the heat gain inside the house compared to cement brick wall, however, if a cavity wall is constructed, the cavity should be filled with an insulation material such as polyurethane foam.

9) Rammed earth
Rammed earth is a precisely controlled mixture of gravel, clay, sand, cement, and sometimes lime or waterproofing additives.

 

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Written by: Khor Zhe Keem and Net Zero Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

Net Zero Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

System Design Architect
http://www.sda-architect.com/

 

The different Types of Architects and what they do?

key words: Project Architects,Resident Architects,Design Architects,Bungalow Architects,Shopping center specialist Architects,Interior designing,Hotels Architects Architects,Hospital Architects, Architect Arbitrator ,Commercial Office Architects,Architect Planners,Landscape Architects,Timber building Architects,Resident Architects. arkitek

There are many Types of Architects  listed below are some of them and what they do:
Many types of Architects are covered in these website such as Green Architect,Net Zero Energy Architect, Eco Green Architect.

Principal Architect

He is runs the Architectural company, he may be the founder, owner of the company

Project Architects

What does a Project Architects do?
The Project Architect  manages a team of Architectural office staff consisting of Resident Architects , Design Architects and a team of draftsman .He ensure the project is managed contractually ( contract administration. A Project Architect is  used for a large project  or he would be required to deal with many smaller projects.

He reports firstky to the Pricipal Architect of the comapny and he may report to the Owners of the building ( or a Project Management Team). He rports on the overall progress of works,manages changes that occurs which may arise from time to time ,manages the Program or any issues that may arrise at the site. He also manages a consultant teams of Civil & Structural Engineers, Mechanical and Electrical Engineers, Urban Town Planner, the Cost consultants( called the QS), and Landscape Architect, Interior Designers, Specialist Consultants such as –Acoustic consultants, Lighting consultants, Façade consultants and Green Sustainability, Net Zero Energy Consultants and Ecologist. The contractor or the builder reports to him on the progress regularly

Design Architects

What does a Design Architects do?
A Design Architect designs the building, by complying with the client’s design brief and local building code and  bye law requirements. He report to the Project Architect or to the Pricipal Architect. 

He submits the plans to the local authorities for approval and coordinating the approvals of the engineer’s plans to the local authorities as well. The design architect during the construction will ensure the design aspects of the building are attained and reviews the approvals of materials submitted by the Contractor and ensure it is compliant with the specifications of the contract.

Bungalow Architects

What does a Bungalow Architects do?
An Architect that specializes in designing of Bungalows as the design and construction of Bungalow is a rather confine to a very specialized area of work. The difficulty of putting up a Bungalow cannot be underestimated. He  meets the needs of the owner of homes both at a macro level and at a micro level of details. Every nook and corner of the bungalow is subjected to review by the house owner . This Architect ought to be rather knowledgeable about the details of material, construction and aesthetics of the buildings. He should be familiar with the different types of house plans,history of house architecture, the types of houses, large homes and small homes, timber materials , log houses, cottage houses, beach houses, 2 bed room houses, 3 bed room houses, duplex houses, southern living homes, Asian homes and Green Homes, modern house plans, Open house floor plans, Japanese house floor plans etc, It is varied form place to place and region to region. He  designs homes according to the need of the owner and it meeting with the local market value systems to maintain value of the homes.

Shopping CenterSpecialist Architects

What does a Shopping center specialist Architects do?
The shopping specialist architect , deasl with large shopping centers, hyper markets and supermarket. It might seem like a simple thing , which is not true otherwise; in fact a mistake  undertaken in the design of a shopping centers, may result in a gargantuan tragedy. It may resulting in a white elephant or a ghost shopping center. Therefore in selecting an Architect to design a shopping center one should evaluate his background of experiences in shopping centers designs. The strategies to capture the flow of traffic, direct the flow,captivating their interest,lighting levels and the latest trends in shopping is rather important for the success of the shopping center and creating a thriving shopping center.
The Architect will study the types of shops and how it will be laid out to create demand and reduce dead ends of circulation of traffic and is aware of the magic of working public traffic using anchor tenants.

Interior designing Architects

What does, a Interior designing Architects do?
An architect who is specialized in the interiors of the building and creates and transforms the interior spaces to a functional space or a space of beauty. The interior design should begin at the outset of design process making the spaces as an integral part of the building and not as a make over of the design as an after thought. There is a difference between an Interior designer and a interior decorator. A Interior decorator merely provides the make up of the building .

Hospital Architects

What does, a Hospital Architects do?
A Hospital architect deals with an area of specialization  with the internal planning of hospitals. These are medical and health requirements, which shall be complied. All aspects of the spaces are designed with the health of the patients in mind .For instances the lifts are specially  much slower that the conventional lifts it takes into consideration of patients with weak heart or high blood pressure who are susceptible to heart attacks. The rooms are designed for clean room conditions and the air will be designed for clean air to minimize the spread of air borne diseases.Room are subjected to view for quick recover.Planning of the services are necessary for Energy efficiency as Hospitals guzzles energy.

Hotel Architects

What does a Hotels Architects do?
Hotel Architects are specialist in designing the bed rooms, the commercial kitchen, ballrooms, restaurants, lounges, connectivity of service corridors to service lifts, loading, unloading area and the maintenance areas. There are many types of hotels. Some hotels that are  centered around golfing circuits, some are based on beaches fronts, some on ball rooms and seminars services and others dependent on visitors from the Air port or local retail centers etc .Operators of Hotels, such as Hilton  have their own manuals for designing hotels in keeping with their brands.Architect  design according Hotels Operator’s  guidelines stipulated in Operator’s manuals. This will  ensure the operations are efficient and profitable. All 5-6 star hotels will be designed with the Operators requirements at the outset. This will avoid design tragedies and mega failures in Hotels. If you need to know if Design matters, look around at Hotels that have failed in business other than  that “location matters”.

Commercial Office Architects

What does a Commercial Office Architects do?
The design of high rise office towers shall be designed with low maintenance free designs, efficient layout floor plans, high energy performance building, shaded well from the heating sun and conservation of heat during summer and cautiously with the safety of the end users during maintenance of building, design for easy management of the building. New concepts such as Net Zero Energy Building, which is our area of special focus.  Green and Sustainability concepts are introduced by certification bodies such as Living Challenge, LEEDS, Green Building Index,Green Marks etc.

Architect Arbitrator

What does a Architect Arbitrator do?
An architect that is familiar with the contractual relationship between the parties in the building industry and how the function and further more he is most familiar with the designing and the design process and the work that all parties are bound in the industry. And this makes him as a suitable candidate to arbiter the arguments that arise among the parties in the industry. In some countries where there is no Construction court, many lawyers and even Judges are not familiar with the terms of the contract, duties of the parties of the contract and the relationship between them and make the proceeding and the judgments to be miscarried. Therefore it is best to have architects who are legal based who are the best arbiter to conduct and make the best judgment in arbitration case.

Architect Planners

What does a Architect Planners do?
An Architect who is trained academically as an Architect and  as an Urban Town Planner.An architect is aware of what is happening within a building . Town Planner designs a collection of buildings in a Town or country settings. An Urban Planner designs the interrelationships between the buildings. He interconnects the buildings with open spaces, parks and garden etc. Building are designed by architect without any consideration to the buildings in the neighborhoods. It is said that building have to talk to each other and the design of park in relationship with the footpaths leading to one another is necessary to create an wonderful urban environment. Urban Town Planning fills in  these gaps and is a go in between Planning and Architects in urban areas.

Landscape Architects

What do Landscape Architects do?
A landscape architect, at a micro level, is one who designs the soft landscape (plants, lawns, shrubs etc) and the landscape (pavements, benches, footpaths, street lights bollard etc) .
At a macro level he may be a designer as a Town Planner. He may also design the country sides and be involved as Town and Country Planner does in Town and Country Planning.

Timber Building Architects

What does a Timber building Architects do?
An architect who is familiar with the architecture of  timber, the different type of timbers ,how to preserve timber, the art and crafting and beauty of timber . He has an appreciation of the fine timber quality, how to design rustically in some situation ,making a beauty out of the ruggedness of the house.He is a master of timber homes.

Resident Architects

What does a Resident Architects do?
Resident Architects are those who oversea the quality of materials used and overseas the workmanship,during the construction of the building. He will ensure where  standing supervision is required especially where concrete works are carried out.He is partly responsible for the works carried out by the contractor. He ensures the contractor uses materials , specified by the designer (Architects), He is engaged only during the construct of the works until the building is successfully handed over to the Owner of the building. The Owners of the building, may extend his engagement as A Residential Architect until the Building is certified fit for occupation (in some regions this is called the Certificate of Fitness in others it is called Certificate of Completion and Compliance.)
a) He should be able to study all drawings such as Architectural and Engineering . He identifies errors in drawings and missing details .He checks and conduct test on the material that is used by the contractor.There are times although the approved samples submitted are never used on the building during the construction by the contractor. The materials are short changed during the construction . This leaving the building with a massive maintenance problem ,during the life span of the building.
b) He may send the materials to the laboratory for testing to ensure compliance with the specifications.
c) He submits progress report to the building owner and the Principal Architect of the project. He reports the works is in progress and the no of workers at the site. He also report  the equipment used at the site.He reporst the weather conditions at the site.
d) He monitors the Health and Safety Manuals and enforces it at the site such as ensure the use of  Hard Hats, Safety boots, Safe erection of scaffolding , Safety cables, safety nets , safety platforms are in place, ensure no water-ponds are found at site to minimize the breeding of mosquitoes, healthy the living quarters for workers, the Electricity cables are elevated above the ground with proper switch outlets etc.
e) The Resident Architect endorses the correctness of the Contractor’s Progress report.

Prepared by Architect Perumal Nagapushnam, contact us