Energy Saving for your Dream Home by 75%-100%

Key words: Energy Saving, Dream Home, ZeroCarbon, Insulation, Insulate the roof, Smart Landscaping, Energy saving Lights, Energy Saving Air conditioning ,BAS Controls, Photo Voltaic Panels, Air conditioning Units, Microwave, Refrigerator, Oven, Home Entertainment, Water Heater

If you are living in a double story terrace house your average bill should be RM170-200 per month
If you are living in a Bungalow your bill should be RM450-500 per month
The kitchen consumes 45% of the energy in the house

Net Zero Energy House

1.) Orientation
If your orientation is along the East West Direction you should easily save electric bill by 15%

solar path, NZEB design

Energy efficient design

  • Insulation

-If your Building is insulated well you will save your electric bill by 15%
-How do you insulate your building, you need to protect the setting sun from heating the building. The sun heats up your walls,
roofs and the heat is transferred to the inside and the home is warm.

-Insulation of Roof

Roof insulation ,Zero Energy Homes

Fiber glass insulation of roof at ceiling,Zero Energy Homes

Fiber glass insulation,Zero Energy Homes

Insulate the walls with fibre-galss insulation,Zero Energy Homes

2b) Insulate the walls

-ensure the walls are designed for Thermal Zones and walls of the setting sun does not affect the walls.
Heat will be transferred to the floors

2d) Insulate with Smart Landscaping

– use green walls to shade the walls as they will keep temperatures down by
5 degrees. Smart landscaping will keep temperatures down

smart landscaping saves energy,Zero Energy Homes

duplex BRICK House,Zero Energy Homes

zero enegy homes, graph-showing-temperature-range-for-summer

 

2e.) Aprons shall be landscaped to avoid Thermal Bridging

Heat Loss by Thermal Bridging,Zero Energy Homes

Minimize the heat transfer form the outside,Zero Energy Homes

  • Use Energy saving Lights

    -Using high performance LED lights , you save electric bill by 15%

LED lights are energy saving,Zero Energy Homes

LED lights are energy saving,Zero Energy Homes

  • Use Energy Saving Air conditioning and Fridges

    -Using Energy saving Equipment, you save electric bill by 20%. will be discussed below:

  • Use BAS Controls

    -Using BAS controls systems with motion sensor etc you will save your electric bill by 15%

,Zero Energy Homes

BAS, Building Automation system

  • Use Solar Hot water system

    -Using Solar Hot water system, you will save by 5% of your electric bills

Renewable energy for water heating,Zero Energy Homes

Hot water systems from using clean energy save the global warming,Zero Energy Homes

  • Use Photo Voltaic Panels

    -Using PV Panels,you will bring the electric bill to Zero

Photo Voltaic Solar Panel,Zero Energy Homes

Photo Voltaic Solar Panel,Zero Energy Homes

Energy Saving EQUIPMENT S for Zero Energy Homes

Some guide lines for your equipment’s used at home to save energy and energy efficient homes.
These are some ways you can reduce higher energy consumption
a) Faulty appliances will
-Refrigerator with faulty thermostat
-broken and defective caskets
– shortage of refrigerant
b) Longer duration of usage of appliances will cause higher energy consumption
c) Old appliances will cause power will cause higher energy consumption
d) small units with an over load will cause will cause higher energy consumption

The energy consumption can be reduced by tweaking the House Hold equipment  by:

  • Refrigerator

    -it should not be located in a warm place eg near the sun or cooker stove
    -there should be adequate space behind the and around the equipment.
    -Check the freeze temperature should be at -18deg C
    -The temperature of the freezer should be at 5deg C
    -Frost build up shall not exceed 6mm(1/4 inch) thickness
    -Food arrangement in a way to have adequate space between the food
    -When you are going on a holiday clean the refrigerator
    -Avoid open the fridge frequently
    _Plenty of space between and the sides for energy savings

  • Microwave

-ensure the gasket for wear and tear, replace it if defective
-defective hinges
-Microwaves saves about 10-25% of heat compared to electric oven for heating and reheating
-it save 75% energy for cooking compared to electric ovens

  • Air conditioning Units

-AC units are installed away from the direct sun
-the size shall be the correct size
-the temperature setting for the air conditioning is to be 24-25 deg C for comfort
– the air filter is cleansed
-the outside coil is cleansed at least twice a year
-the blower unit is cleansed once a year
-heck the refrigerant once a year.

  • Oven

-Preheating is a waste of energy and 10 minutes before the cooking time, switch off the oven saves about 25% energy
-Thaw frozen food before cooking
-cook several dishes at one time
-keep the door closed if inspection is needed peek through the window

  • Home Entertainment

-equipment’s are switched off at the plug, standby mode consume power
-ensure the power saver function if the computer is activated when left idle in between activities

  • Lighting

-Lights use are EE(energy efficient typ) eg Fluorescent type should be Energy
-Saving Lamp or Compact Fluorescent lamp, CFLs instead of incandescent type
-switch off when not in use

  • Water Heater

-Use the instant water heater compared the central water heater as it stores heated water and most times they are wasted. If you are choosing a storage type, get the correct size. A capacity of 25 liter is enough for a family of 4-5 members.

Energy Labels

When buying the appliances check for Energy Labels

-Air conditioning -EER(Energy Efficiency Ratio) the higher the ratio the more efficient is the air con. A minimum of 8 is good.

Zero Energy Homes

 Energy Labels for Zero Energy Homes

Lastly ensure when the Energy Labels are shown in your House Hold Products your purchase. Products  from the US, Thailand, UK and  Australian  have Energy Star Labels

Zero Energy Homes

Energy-Star Label. Energy efficiency, Zero Energy Homes

If you need further information with regards to converting your home to  Zero Energy Homes contact us for more information, If you need design a Net Zero Energy Home, kindly  contact us for further advise. Visit our website for products which will decrease your electric bill at http://www.sda-architect.com/

Prepared by Ar Perumal Nagapushnam

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What is Architecture ?

The question -What is Architecture ? is often discussed among students of Architecture endlessly. Students of Architecture spend a no of years trying to get the grips of the meaning of Architecture. In the early years the students of Architecture are confused trying to get a grips of it. In this article I wish to reduce this gap of bewildering students.

Architecture  is designing the building space in which we live in. Some define it too broadly as “Architecture is “, others define it as “Architecture is Frozen music “. While there is  truth in this definitions, the space we live in and work in , are our Architectural spaces and as such, it is every thing about us- the Environment.

Net Zero Energy buildings

Traditional Malay House,

Architectural design is putting and making a composition of  the space in a logical meaningful way that makes sense. Thereby there is a indirect correlation ship with how music notes are composed. whereas in building the notes are features and elements borrowed from the past or created anew fulfilling a functional need. You can design spaces that are awful and it is poor taste. Good designs have the following intrinsic attributes:

  • Comfortable and Functional
  • Durable with time
  • Sustainable design with eco biodiversity green ecoconsiderations
  • High energy efficient buildings- read-NZEB
  • Creates an ambiance of the space that it was meant to be
  • A space that creates an emotional experience that leaves traces of memorable experience otherwise it is a shell.
  • Reasonable Costed and not flagrant, buildings of exorbitant cost can achieve anything that you want. A insensibly costly building is a sin.
  • Beautiful with the visually, makes the hears hears sound that are pleasing, allow light to flow and thereby making the space an memorable experience.
  • Defect Free, buildings may look wonderful in the beginning but may result in leakage, cracks and uninhabitable conditions is not good architecture, the right material not the right construction is not used.

    small log mountain house

    small log mountain house

If any of those above is not found in your Architectural designs, it may be due to a deliberate omission. As to achieve all may be difficult and some times impossible. For instance the most beautiful building with great interiors has terrible structural design and high unreasonable cost. So good Architectural design -is all about making compromises along the way with cost, comforts, durability and other contending elements.

History of Architecture

Architecture is as old as History .When we talk of history of the past civilization, we talk of the architecture of the buildings. And buildings are the only remnants of the past. most record, evidences of the cultural activity is studied by the functional spaces of the buildings.the spaces such as baptismal fonts, altars of worship, temples of ancients, places of sacrifice, inscriptions of words on temple walls. Buildings of the past are mostly temples or buildings of worships. the remnants of homes are generally destroyed except for the remnants of the foundations such as in the Indus Civilizations. The civilizations of the past are :

  • Egyptian, Indian, Chinese
  •  Assyrian Period (before Babylon)*1
  • Mesopotamia (Babylon and Before), Ancient Americas (Mayan       …etc)
  • Persian Period
  • Greek Period
  • Roman Period*1
  • French(Gothic )*1
  • Georgian Architecture-The George Whyte’s House *2
  • England(Georgian, Tudor, Victorian)
  • Industrial
  • Modern
    Today buildings are high influenced by one another. For instance:
  1. the White House was patterned after the grandeur of the Roman Capitol
  2. The high rise buildings, in our cities are influenced by the new material manufactured during these periods after.
  3. The Gothic building followed after the Roman, whereas the Gothic (French) improvised from the Roman Arches and post & beam system to heavy arches(flying buttress) which supported higher and magnificent cathedrals.
  4. Chinese, Japanese Architecture while were developed independently but were not influence by the others neither influenced the world as we know of today. Except the Indian influenced spread to Angkor Watt, Malaysia, and Bali Indonesia, which is now the Bali architecture.
  • Post Modern Era
  • Green Sustainability and Net Zero Energy Buildings Movement
  • Zero Carbon emission designs, Carbon neutrality,ZeroCarbon
Carbon Trading

Green architect

 

 

 

 

 

Prepared by Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

 

Appendix:
*1 pg 538-566, volume A, World Book Encyclopedia

*2.pg 13 Houses of the Founding Fathers by Hugh Howard and Roger Straus 111

*3 pg 30 Foster and Partners by te Neues

*4 pg 73 Foster and Partners by te Neues

*5 pg.47 “The Swimming Pool” by Marta Baker