sdaarchi SDA Architect What is Indian house design? | SDA Architect
Indian House in Goa

Indian House in Goa

It is hard to put in a nut shell that what and which constitutes Indian house design. India has been ruled by the British, Afghans moguls, that Indian house designs character has not been defined by these colonial master. or rather the British learn much words from the Indian culture( words such as shampoo, lantern, bungalow, cantonment, canoe, cyber,etc)

The houses in the North of India is not different from the houses in  South neither  were they any different form homes in the East – nor the West. However some enclaves in Goa and Pondicheery had remarkable difference because of the Portuguese and French influences for a much longer period of time than rest if India.

The Royals(refereed to as the Raj) lived in huge palaces where their wives and nuclear family lived in. In most places there were a large central courtyard where royal functions took places , where guards paraded with the elephants and a place of ceremony for the Raj. It was heavily guarded with one main entrance and with secret passages for Princely families to exit during wars. Water supply was secretly duct-ed underground to from the mountains for consumption at the Palaces .These water were designed for fountains in the gardens and dropped along window openings to allow the wind to pass through creating a cool breeze into the courtyards. the Net Zero Energy Architects should note that the passive designs were traditional used in the ancient architecture of India with respect to cooling with water and massive walls were good insulator of heat during he summers.

 

Indian house floor plan, Goa India

Indian house floor plan, Goa India

While in the courtyards held functions, the children and the wives were not to be seen in public spaces, they watched the function form hidden rooms from above the courtyards. The word Bungalow, is an Indian word adapted by the British for single storey house in large compounds.Landlord lived in Bungalow whereas peasants lived in Villages. These Bungalows were places where the rich landlords lived in.

Traditionally this bungalow , Indian House Design patterned after the palaces of the Princely palaces-courtyard house were common. The bungalow was elevated above the ground which led to an central hall which led to the master suite on one side, and to the visitor’s room on the other and the main dining hall.

Check out for some great design of Indian houses at http//:www.sda-architect.com The dinning hall had view of the central courtyard which was visible form the master suite, and all the other bed rooms. The maids quarters and the kitchen were at the end of the courtyard. A corridor led to the kitchen that butted the courtyard.

indian courtyard

Indian House with a courtyard ,Another great courtyard design of Indian House Plan

 Indian had a great love for their Gods and devoted to their gods in Temples ,and housed their gods in Indian design Temples. The palaces had temples and offered sacrifices to the god before going to war. They offered gold, precious stones, diamond, jade etc to their God when they were victorious in the wars and business ventures. These offering were held in Temple

Treasuries chest vaults.

The Temples were built in granite stones, sometimes mountains en block were carved and chiseled out to form the temples in the South of India. Use of precious stones in the temples were quite normal in their devotions.Marble for surface treatment was also common as it was found abundantly eg the Taj Mahal.

 

 places of worhip

stone work on Indian places of worhip

Houses in the villages were usually had a front terrace where the folks sat out in the evening for a yarn.On entrance it lead to a common hall which was like Living room and Dinning room combines. There were rooms in the rear for the privacy of living.

In the Mohenjo-daro the civilization it was known to have been built in grid lines and the houses were known to have public sewer lines and common utilities. But with the advent of rapid modernization  and urban migration   during the British rule the  these urban planning once in greatness was  lost.where the focus was not exploiting the industries of India rather than planning the cities for urban living.

How to Build a Log House-Part 1

Construction Lesson 1 (Sill Logs, Floor and Joints)

 

What are the Sill Logs?

Sill logs are the logs that rest directly on top of the foundation and its connected to it by the anchor bolts.

 

How to Choose Your Logs?

  • Just about any type of log can be used, as long as it’s relatively straight and it is around 8”-10” diameter.
  • It has only minor tapering no more than 2”. And the length for it is around 16 ft.
  • Conifers such as pine, fir, spruce and tamarack are preferred because these softwoods are workable, durable and relatively lightweight.
  • Hardwoods, particularly oak can also be used, though their sapwood is highly susceptible to infestation by borers and fungus.

 

Sill Logs:

  • After completing the foundation based on the house plan the work on the upper part of the house begins.
  • The first step in the house structure is to install the sill log on the floor plan
  • Note: this is an important part of the job because if the sills are not laid as mentioned in the house floor plan and if its not laid squarely and securely that might effect the whole structure.

 

Steps of Constructing the log house Sill Log.

  • If you don’t want a full basement, you must excavate the house plan dimension at least below the frost line, install footings and construct a wall up to 20 in. above grade level.
  • You must also install piers within the foundation walls as mentioned in the architecture plan to support the floor girder. Also, install anchor bolts along the top of the walls to attach the sill.
  • Begin floor construction by hewing or cutting flat the bottom of the sill logs.
  • Then make holes in the sill logs to fit in the anchor bolts and install sill sealer or a termite shield according to the local building code.
  • The corner joints are made by bottom notching the logs based on the house design.
  • Hew flat the top of the girder and install it over the support piers.
  • Join it to the sill with a mortise and tenon joint. Drive nails through the top of the tenon and into the mortise to complete the joint.

 

Steps of constructing the log house sill log and floor:

  • In a similar manner, hew or cut flat the top of the joists and install them between the girder and sill logs so they are flush with the top of the girder.
  • Install the sub flooring perpendicular to the direction of the joists. Now you’re ready to start on the walls as designed in the architecture plan.

Steps of constructing the log house wall joints:

  • Many different types of notches can be used to join the logs, but a good choice for the beginning log builder is the scribe, fit, round-notch method.
  • It features semicircular notches cut in the bottom of the logs to fit over adjacent logs. Also, a V-shaped groove is cut down the length of each log bottom so the entire length can sit flush on the log below.
  • Although this method is slower than others, the corner joints are self-draining-water running down the outside of the house hits the log tops and runs off, instead of being trapped in the notch.
  • The V-grooves also eliminate air drafts between the logs.
  • The joints between courses do not need chinking, so you can avoid one of the most chronic maintenance problems of log homes: repairing cracked chinking.

 

Prepared by: Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

Check out our log house designs : http://www.sda-architect.com/

How to design a fireplace in my house floor plan layout.

The question of How to design a fireplace is s tricky one as the technology has made the fire place redundant, but modern home continue to use the fireplace as a symbol for Living room, and in most older designs it will serve the original purpose to keep the house warm.These are the steps, for which ever the intent of the fireplace is:

Firstly lets discuss why a fireplace? It adds value to your house, it is the center of the house during winter, it adds decoration to the house- It adds beauty and a warmth environment to the home.In a good house floor plan layout, you need to consider the following in your house design:

  • Where locate
  • Styles and Function of fireplace
  • Material used for fireplace

Where to locate Fire Places?
Traditionally, Fire Places were always located in the dinning room, where the roof ridge line meets. For this reason the summer rain and snow melting will not flow into the house. But there is no rules where to place them.

Styles and Function of fireplace
There are 4 basic styles

1) Masonry structure with firebrick internal lining

2) Masonry structure with internal metal lining

3) Ready to install metal fire place with metal chimney

4) Modern electrical fireplaces which has the look of fireplace but run by electricity.

The function of a fire place is to generate heat, and the 90% of heat is lost into the chimney in the traditional fireplaces. And if fireplaces are not built properly it will smoke.|A log home does not look natural if there is not fire place. A fire place gives the ambiance of warmth and coziness of a home. Lastly it is the place of beauty.

Material used for fireplace
The fires place is made of masonry or concrete through out till the chimney above .In case of concrete fireplaces you could line it externally with bricks, or stone work finishes. In the interior the fire places could be a place decorated with timber joinery for display of family photo, seat of decorative items, etc. It is a place of beauty.

Prepared by http://www.sda-architect.com/

 

How good designs give value to architectural floor plan?

What do I mean by good value? Simply put you may spend millions of dollars to your new dream house but no one will pay the same for it. It was money wasted for your own pleasure that gave no value to architectural floor plan.

Let say your house was valued at  USD200,000  and you renovated your house with a renovation cost of USD 100,000. The total value of  your house should be USD300,000.Now if I put the newly renovated house is pit out for sale . If you found buyers for more than USD300, 000, then you have  added value to the house .Got it? If you  got a buyer for less than USD300, 000, it may seem that you did not study the market forces sufficiently before you started to design the architectural plans, Therefore it is absolutely necessary to engage an Architect to do up a design that provides value to your newly designed home.

So when designing your new architectural floor plan, you need to enhance value to architectural floor plan. This is how you do it by providing spaces that contributes to value is:

  • Kitchen appropriate for the region( not too costly )
  • Master suites and Bathroom( appropriately sized up)
  • Deck( to view in to the garden after lunch or dinner)
  • Swimming pool( choose the suitable type of pool)
  • Fireplace( the type should be suited for the overall architectural style)
  • Lawn and landscape( well landscaped to enhance the views from the dinning, kitchen, living, mastered), in recent times it trees may provides shading form the summer sun and in the tropics shading the building to create  and induce micro climates.The trees may be used to divert the harsh winter winds and resulting in increasing the heating load of the electrical power consumption.
  • Net Zero Energy Buildings features in  will have a positive value as you do not pay the monthly electric bills
  • Green Buildings increases the value of the property by 10-15% m the experience in Singapore to Green the City was a positive experience not only the city but each individual property faced an increase of value to architectural floor plan buildings.

Now if you had the above done and don’t see any value added what could have gone wrong: In this instance there are 2 possibilities could have happened:

  • Possibility 1 -you over spent on the renovation and market ( the buyers) does not appreciate what you have done. The Buyer did not value what you have valued as important. You got to know the market (what the buyers want) wants before designing the building.
  • Possibility 2 – you made an error in design .Your design is just lousy. It is horrible an has no architectural aesthetic sense. In some countries builders tends to do design that turns out to be obnoxiously ugly, this is where you need to appoint an Architect to do so, if you need help call us at http://www.sda-architect.com

To avoid costly mistakes ,look around and see what type of kitchen, master suite, deck, swimming pools, and fireplace, lawn and landscaping features and design  that every one is  looking out for. Check this out in the immediate neighborhood.This does not means that you are not creative by copying but rather working out a house design that enhances value which is centered around your needs.

The design when completely built, your passer on visitors should be  giving you the”wow”-The wow factor is an indicator. of  their jaws need to wide open, you know your design is done well. Checkout at web site for some great designs styles with great value at http://www.sda-architect.com

 

 

Prepared by: http://www.sda-architect.com

6 Things you need to know on How to Choose Paint Colors for your house floor plans

There are 4 simple but Golden rules that you need to follow in selection of the color schemes. And that you are not blundering in the selection or playing safe in your selection of schemes.  Without proper training you may be left dumb folded as you are asked to select the colors. These steps will help you in spite of the lack of training in color selections.

Rule 1  to Choose Paint Colors for Ambiance:

Choose the right colors for the right Ambiance.

Choice of right colors creates the right mood and the right sentiments that are associated with colors, the following instances relate this idea.

  • In a bed room you might want to use dark blue as a way to allow some one to sleep off, as they lie in bed.
  • some area where the colors need to be bright and brilliant and others may
  • Choosing earthy colors are generally safe and you do not go wrong with them.
  • You may want to have a brilliant cheerful color for the kitchen .This will brighten the dreary and stressful work that goes in the kitchen.
  • Children’s room may be brilliant use of Primary colors as these are the colors they are attracted to when they are young. Children’s eyes not fully developed ,the primary colors draws great attention to them.Children have an affinity to Primary colors. as for these reasons children tend to see or attracted to  Primary.
  • Young girls love pink, use colors which they are drawn too, so work around colors which they are comfortable with.

Rule 2  to Choose Paint Colors :

Choose the right  colors for the right purpose as nature does, Color serves a function.,for instance

  • Attention
    The flowers are red to draw the attention of the insects for pollination.,The naturally red lips of a girl draw attention of the best of the young man.The ripen red colors of fruits draws attention to attract bird

Nature colors calms the nerves

  • Calm down the senses
    The sky is blue as to calm the nerves, relax and settle the mind and a  scene effect is created to rest the mind and the body.
  • Warning
    What are the functions of color in building? colors serves a function to warn, draw attention or even to thwart dangers.
    Warning of danger, Red blood as a sign of danger or orange in fire, calling for immediate attention and action. As it draws much attention the Red is a good color to ward off dangers..Red colors draw much attention or creates alarm and if used in excess can cause stress to the eyes .
colors of a butterfly

colors of a butterfly

The beautiful colors in a butterfly serves as an beautiful and mind settling sight in the garden , but if you stretch out it wings you will see a NOT a beautiful colors is rather a face of an ugly MONSTER to threaten the birds ad predators. Hence you will note that colors serve a function to protect the animals and helps it survival ability.

From the above, use of red in wall ,ceilings or entrance of the house draws much attraction .The color selection for rest of the house could use a less radiant color. My architectural house design tends to be rich in colors as way to create comfort and balance with nature.

 

 

INTERIOR OF _bath

Rule 3  on how to Choose Paint Colors :

Colors in nature are good examples to study, observe and apply them into our homes,check out our house floor plans how we apply these principles.

color combination in trees
  • The combination of green and brown with a dash of red, yellow or purples is a color found in trees and nature, the proportion of these colors are a large amount of green with less of dark brown with a dash of the color of flowers. if this proportion is reversed as a lot of red with less of green, this combination can be uncomfortable combinations, These are fantastic color scheme even for homes but some time these strong colors may be good for children s spaces but not for interiors. but selecting these schemes for the exteriors may be good idea..
  • Look carefully at your own face, whether your are racial background you may be note that the no of colors  in your face, Eyes, lips are not merely one or two colors but a multitude of color , Let look at your lips for now, you will note the upper lip is darker than the lower, there is border around the lips, the is another range of abut 4 colors merely on the lips , let alone the eyes and the shades of the hair etc.This suggest that when selecting colors keep a wide range of colors, of varying shades to create an interest int he building. this is a good way of selecting colors for the building exteriors and the interiors.
  • In nature the colors don’t exist in primary colors(red, blue and yellow) ,but neither secondary colors(missing of any of the 3 primary colors arise the purple, green, orange) but rather in tertiary colors(Tertiary  colors  are  combinations  of  primary  and  secondary  colors.  There are six tertiary colors; red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue-violet, and red-violet.)therefore in selecting the colors schemes select a wide  ranges of shade not in the primary range but in the tertiary range of colors.
site analysis for Green building

view of Green nature

  • Another example of the tertiary range is the range of tertiary  green in nature does not exist in on plain green, it has many shades of green .Just look at your garden of picture of a forest. Check out the, greens in the trees and leaves, the shades of green and the hues of green.

 

 

stone house

stone house

The Golden Rule 4  on how to Choose Paint Colors ::

Choose colors by Copying nature’s color schemes, they don’t go wrong..Check out the color schemes in the Butterflies and the Birds, the trees and the flowers and follow the patterns in nature and copy the protions if colors as they exist in nature and you would not go wrong

colors in flowers

colors in flowers

Concluding Golden Rule 5:

Many acceptable colors from nature are red and blue, brown and blue, white and black. A natural lining within the acceptable colors of nature with white or alternatively with black will enhance the color selection.

colors in flowers

multitude shades of colors in flowers

colors in flowers

colors in flowers

Final Concluding Rule 6

brown and blue

brown and blue

The final advise in selecting colors that there are colors that are modern and traditional choice.A traditional selection of colors will be gold with navy blue, or navy blue with mahogany brown, which is an acceptable colors selection even for this day and age.

earthy colors

earthy colors

armada056

 

 

navy blue and brown wih silver lining

navy blue and brown wih silver lining

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A modern color range would be a shade of a color with a silver*( or alternatively a white lining ) lining in between .Another color range will be white, black and any shades of a color will be a successful color selection.

shades of blue with white and grey

shades of blue with white and grey

To make it really easy for the mind, use shades of grey with any Paint Colors  of your favorite choice and you won’t go wrong. eg

  • dark black, with grey and white lining
  • dark black, with grey and red
  • dark black, with grey and sliver /chrome lining
  • dark black, with grey and blue
  • dark black, with grey and blue
  • whites with shades of grey
  • whites with shades of blue
  • whites with shades of red

 

 

 

In choosing a house plan choose well with the above consideration, you may want to check out – http://www.sda-architect.com for some great selection of Paint Colors choices in house floor plans and architectural house design.

Finally have great fun with Paint Colors selection and you can have lots of satisfaction in choosing the right colors and if you still lost with colors get a good bungalow architect to help out.Contact us at http://www.sda-architect.coAutosave_final french house 5111ft model

 

Prepared by Green Architect and Net Zero Energy Architect Perumal Nagapushnam

Appendix

*1 pg 12 ,”Houses of the Founding Fathers “ by Hugh Howard and Roger Straus III